By 1998, in the U.S., a cumulative total of 109,311 adolescent or adult females had been diagnosed with AIDS. African-American women were three times more likely to die from AIDS than Caucasian or Hispanic women. In South Africa, Gugu Diamini, an AIDS activist, was beaten to death by her neighbors after revealing her HIV status on Zulu television.
The Global Campaign for Microbicides is founded at the XII International AIDS Conference in Geneva. The creation of the microbicide campaign came about from key members of the women's health and HIV community deciding to work together to focus world attention on the critical needs for new HIV prevention options, especially for women.