With the founding of ACT UP in 1987, AIDS activism really begins to take shape, which is good, as only 13.5 percent of NIH money is dedicated to women's health issues at this point. And, women are still being excluded from HIV trials unless they are on the birth control pill or IUD; no childcare, transportation, or gynecological care is available as part of these trials. Trial inclusion/ exclusion criteria read: "No pregnant women and no non-pregnant women" allowed. U.S. Surgeon General C. Everett Koop urges any woman considering pregnancy to be tested for HIV.
Princess Diana opened the first AIDS specialist hospital ward in England. That she did not wear gloves when shaking hands with people with AIDS was widely reported in the press and helped change attitudes towards people with AIDS. Madonna threw her first AIDS benefit concert and recorded the song "In This Life," about friends who had died from the disease.