HIV/AIDS Basics

What Is HIV?

Let's start with the basics: HIV is short for "human immunodeficiency virus." You can get HIV through condomless sex or by sharing needles or other equipment used to inject drugs.

The Latest

My Friend Is Living With HIV. How Can I Help Them Stay Healthy?

Q: A friend of mine told me he had HIV. Is there anything I need to do, like when he comes to my home, so that he doesn't get sick?

By Nathaniel Currie, D.S.W., LCSW

Statistics: HIV Among Youth in the U.S.

In 2017, less than 1% of youth who received an HIV diagnosis were aged 13 to 14, 21% were aged 15 to 19, and 79% were aged 20 to 24, according to the CDC.

By Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Could I Have Passed HIV to My Kid Through Saliva?

I am HIV undetectable for about one year now. Accidentally, I licked my finger and swiped a small scratch on my 4-year-old kid. Is there any chance that I have passed the HIV to him?

By Mark Holodniy, M.D.

46 Years Old and Concerned About the Future

How long can someone live with AIDS? Can a 46-year-old get a 45-year-old woman pregnant without getting her HIV positive?

By Mark Holodniy, M.D.

Non-Nucleoside Resistance and CCR5 Gene Therapies

The version of the virus I acquired had already developed resistance to non-nucleosides. With many of the gene editing therapies in the pipeline targeting the CCR5 gene, I'm wondering if my variant requires that gene to infect a cell?

By Mark Holodniy, M.D.

Will Starting HIV Treatment With a Low CD4 Count Hurt My Lifespan?

I read recently that, even though longevity is increasing for HIV+ people, people who begin treatment with a low CD4 count will probably live a shorter period of time. Do you feel this is true?

By Mark Holodniy, M.D.

Does a Viral Load of 16,000 Mean I Might Transmit HIV?

My viral load is 16,100. Is it possible that I can pass HIV to someone else, even if I only had sex with them three times?

By Mark Holodniy, M.D.

Why Can't Semen Be Tested for HIV?

It is understood that HIV can only be detected by blood samples. Am I right or wrong? Why can't semen be tested for traces of HIV?

By Mark Holodniy, M.D.