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Body Weight and Body Shape Changes

Figuring Out the Cause

The causes of body changes in HIV are not fully understood. In some cases, body changes may result from some combination of drug side effects, changes in the body that occur when antiretroviral therapy leads to a stronger immu...

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Figuring Out the Cause

Some headaches are due to the activation of pain nerves in the head. Tension headaches and migraines are examples of these kinds of headaches. Other times headaches are a symptom of another condition. These other conditions in...

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Menstrual Changes

What Is "Regular"?

For many people who have a menstrual cycle, their period occurs monthly at a predictable time, lasts for the same amount of time from one month to the next and has with a flow that they come to recognize as typical for them. Other...

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Muscle Aches and Pains

Figuring Out the Cause

Everyone has the occasional muscle ache, especially as they age. And many people who exercise or play sports know the benefits of stretching to counteract muscle tightness that comes with physical activity. But people with HIV...

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Nausea, Vomiting and Appetite Loss

Figuring Out the Cause

Nausea, or feeling sick to your stomach, is something everyone feels sometimes. It can also lead to vomiting, or throwing up. Sometimes it passes after a few hours or within a day. When nausea causes repeated vomiting over tim...

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Sleep Problems

Figuring Out the Cause

If you are experiencing sleep problems, keep a sleep diary for the week before you see your doctor. It may provide useful information to help diagnose some of the problems. Keeping a sleep diary can be as simple as having a pe...

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Less Common Side Effects

Lactic Acidosis

Lactic acid is produced by the body's cells as they use energy to function. Minor increases in lactic acid are fairly common after exercise but are usually temporary. But when lactic acid reaches a higher level, there is a risk of a ...

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Nerve Pain and Numbness

Figuring Out the Cause

Peripheral neuropathy can cause numbness, tingling, burning and sometimes severe pain. It most often occurs in the toes, feet and lower legs, but can also arise in the hands and arms. Normally, both sides of the body are affec...

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Sexual Difficulties

Figuring Out the Cause

It will be helpful if you can provide your doctor with information on when your sexual difficulties began, exactly what your problems are, and to what extent you are experiencing them. It may be helpful to ask yourself how you...

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Vitamins & Supplements

Appendix: Vitamin B12 and Vitamin D

Vitamin B12

A number of studies have shown that vitamin B12 is deficient in a large percentage of people with HIV, and the deficiency can begin early in the disease. Vitamin B12 deficiency can result in neurologic symptoms -- for example, numbness, ...