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Rash and Other Problems of the Skin, Hair and Nails Img

Rash and Other Problems of the Skin, Hair and Nails


A rash is a change in the colour and texture of the skin that shows up as an outbreak of red patches or bumps. Mild rashes consist of flat, red patches appearing on a small area of the body. Moderate rashes spread over a larger area of the body...

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Dealing With Side Effects

What Are Side Effects? Why Do They Happen?

Medications often produce more than one effect in the body. In the case of antibiotics, for example, there is the desired effect (killing a bacterial infection) and there are also unintended effects (the na...

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Body Weight and Body Shape Changes

Figuring Out the Cause

The causes of body changes in HIV are not fully understood. In some cases, body changes may result from some combination of drug side effects, changes in the body that occur when antiretroviral therapy leads to a stronger immu...

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Diarrhea, Gas and Bloating

No Laughing Matter

Diarrhea is an increase in the frequency and decrease in the consistency of stools. It is a side effect that can arise when starting treatment. It often goes away after a few weeks, though, for some people, it remains an issue for...

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Menstrual Changes

What Is "Regular"?

For many people who have a menstrual cycle, their period occurs monthly at a predictable time, lasts for the same amount of time from one month to the next and has with a flow that they come to recognize as typical for them. Other...

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Muscle Aches and Pains

Figuring Out the Cause

Everyone has the occasional muscle ache, especially as they age. And many people who exercise or play sports know the benefits of stretching to counteract muscle tightness that comes with physical activity. But people with HIV...

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Nausea, Vomiting and Appetite Loss

Figuring Out the Cause

Nausea, or feeling sick to your stomach, is something everyone feels sometimes. It can also lead to vomiting, or throwing up. Sometimes it passes after a few hours or within a day. When nausea causes repeated vomiting over tim...

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Sleep Problems

Figuring Out the Cause

If you are experiencing sleep problems, keep a sleep diary for the week before you see your doctor. It may provide useful information to help diagnose some of the problems. Keeping a sleep diary can be as simple as having a pe...

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Vitamins & Supplements

Appendix: Vitamin B12 and Vitamin D

Vitamin B12

A number of studies have shown that vitamin B12 is deficient in a large percentage of people with HIV, and the deficiency can begin early in the disease. Vitamin B12 deficiency can result in neurologic symptoms -- for example, numbness, ...