RED BAND AROUND GUMS

Question

DEAR DOCTOR

I RECENTLY NOTICED A RED BAND THAT IS PRESENT ONLY IN GUMS SURROUNDING THE FRONTAL(BOTTOM) FOUR TEETH.ITS IS NOT PRESENT IN GUMS ELSEWHERE. IS THAT RED BAND A SURE SIGN OF HIV?. COULD NORMAL POPULATION ALSO HAVE THAT RED BAND ?

MY GUMS HAVE ALSO SHRUNK SOMEWHAT

I THANK YOU IN AND ANXIOUSLY AWAIT FOR YOUR ANSWER

Answer

Red band gingivitis (Linear Gingival Erythema) may be difficult to distinguish from conventional gingivitis therefore the answer to your question would be that red bands around the necks of a few teeth would not be a "sure sign" of HIV infection. Linear Gingival Erythema appears as a red band along the marginal gingiva and may be associated with complaints of occasional bleeding. For a picture of what this manifestation looks like, please visit the following URL: http://www.hivdent.org/slides/linear_gingival_erythema1.htm

Take care and visit your dental hygienist soon for a thorough dental cleaning!

DR