Is There Any HIV Risk From a Nude Body-to-Body Massage?

During sex, HIV can be passed on through vaginal or anal penetration, if a condom isn't used or if the partner with HIV is not taking effective HIV treatment. If all you had was a massage, with no penetrative intercourse or other high-risk activity, there is absolutely no reason to be concerned about HIV. Let's look at the conditions that are required for HIV transmission. If any of the following conditions are not fulfilled, HIV cannot be passed on. -- One of the people involved must be living with HIV.

  • HIV must be present in infectious quantities in a body fluid.
  • The infectious body fluid must get into the bloodstream of another person.

Generally, massages involve little or no contact with infectious body fluids. You might come into contact with another person's semen or vaginal fluids, but you're unlikely have any contact with blood. It's worth remembering that saliva, tears and urine don't have infectious quantities of HIV.

And it is not enough to come into contact with an infected fluid to become infected. Healthy, unbroken skin does not allow HIV to get into the body; it is an excellent barrier to HIV infection. HIV can enter only through an open cut or sore, or through contact with the mucous membranes in the anus and rectum, the vagina, the genitals, the mouth, and the eyes.

So if the massage involved penetrative sex without a condom, an infectious body fluid might have contact with mucus membranes in the genital area. But if it was just massage, there's no way for an infectious body fluid to enter the bloodstream.

More on HIV Transmission Risks at TheBody.com

To find out more about how HIV is passed on, we recommend the following articles:

In addition, our Q&A experts sometimes address questions about transmission risks in our "Ask the Experts" forums. Here are some of those questions and our experts' responses:

  • Erotic massage
    I have read other questions and answers on this topic, and I'm pretty sure what I did was safe, but I'd just like confirmation.
  • Nude massage risk
    I recently had a nude massage body rub with a woman. There was no contact between vagina and my penis, and no sexual intercourse. Two weeks later, I am wheezing and coughing.