HIV/AIDS in Black America: The Uphill Battle

In the fall of 1991, during a game of capture the flag in my eighth grade gym class, the teacher told us to stop playing, get in two lines and be very quiet. She told us that a serious announcement was going to be made. A few minutes later, over the speaker system, the principal played a press conference that was on the news. Earvin "Magic" Johnson, star of the Los Angeles Lakers basketball team, announced to the world that he was HIV positive.

I was completely shocked. Growing up, all I "knew" about HIV was that it was a white disease, and a gay one -- except for Ryan White, who somehow contracted HIV through a blood transfusion. I was under the impression that this was not something that black people had to worry about.

Almost 20 years have passed since Johnson's public disclosure, and so much has changed.

The face of this epidemic in the U.S. is now one that resembles mine. AIDS is the number one killer of black women ages 24-35. Black men who have sex with men (MSM) have the highest HIV rate among all racial groups of MSM. Overall, while African Americans make up a mere 14 percent of the overall U.S. population, they account for more than half of all new HIV infections that are diagnosed each year. And to make matters worse, African Americans are more likely to be diagnosed with HIV and AIDS at the same time than any other racial group, meaning they're less likely to get tested until they're very ill.

Black AIDS Institute's chief executive and president, Phill Wilson, wasn't exaggerating when he said that "AIDS is the fire that is ravaging the black community."

So what exactly is fueling the flames?

There is no one answer. It's a combination of many factors: Poverty and economic instability. Institutionalized racism. Lack of quality health care, poor access to health care in general and mistrust in the medical system. Gender inequality and domestic violence. Homophobia. Intravenous drug use and the lack of needle-exchange programs. Poor health literacy. High rates of incarceration. Untreated sexually transmitted diseases, such as herpes and gonorrhea, which make people more vulnerable to contracting HIV. And people having unprotected sex while unaware that they are positive, and who thus go untreated while they're highly infectious.

The slow response by the federal government has played a role as well, as has a lack of funding. Thirty years into the epidemic, and it was only just last year that the U.S. government finally released a national HIV/AIDS strategy.

Children's Hands

But most importantly, the black community's own slow response to the epidemic has had a profound impact. Minus a few exceptions, most black media publications, churches and community leaders set the tone early by turning a blind eye to HIV, believing that this epidemic was not their problem and that HIV was a moral issue as opposed to a public health crisis. In the end, we have all paid a price for their unwillingness to address the disease early on.

Don't get me wrong: Over the years, we have seen some progress in having public conversations about HIV, and the importance of getting tested and practicing safer sex. But we still have a long way to go. Unfortunately, too many current conversations about HIV -- especially in the black media -- are either met with resistance, treaded lightly or saturated with inaccuracies (think: everything about the down low).

Even within the past year, I have heard stories from people living with HIV who have recently been forced to eat off paper plates because those around them are still unaware of how HIV is contracted. Or how they are turned away from their church or rejected by loved ones and friends. I still come across people who don't really know what HIV is, who believe wholeheartedly that AIDS is a government conspiracy to kill black folks, or who believe that they are not at risk for HIV because their sexual partner is not a gay man. The culture of ignorance, stigma, silence and fear is very real, and it is killing us.

Now is the time for change -- and that change begins with you. This is why our African-American HIV/AIDS Resource Center exists.

By providing a diverse range of articles, first-person interviews and resources about HIV in black America, our goal is to give you hope and help bridge the knowledge gap between what you don't know and what you need to know. Most importantly, this resource center is for everyone, not just those who are living with HIV. So, if you are a loved one or a caretaker of someone living with HIV, or you're simply interested in learning more about HIV, AIDS and safer sex, this is a place for you too.

  • Our HIV & Me: An African American's Guide to Living With HIV can help answer questions about when to start treatment, getting linked to care, finding support and how and when to disclose one's status to others.
  • Our HIV/AIDS Info & Resources for African Americans section offers up info on current statistics, HIV prevention news, African-American HIV/AIDS organizations and hot-button issues such as HIV and the black church.
  • Our Personal Profiles section puts a face to the epidemic, helps reduce stigma and reminds people that they are not alone by boasting dozens of interviews with African Americans who are living and surviving with HIV.
  • Our Movers & Shakers section highlights talented and dedicated individuals who are part of the driving force behind efforts to end the HIV epidemic in African-American communities.
  • We have a great selection of African-American bloggers and columnists -- some straight, some gay, some positive and some negative -- who discuss their take on current events, personal experiences and HIV policy.
  • And for our Word on the Street page, HIV activists and health professionals share their thoughts on the most pressing issues impacting the black HIV epidemic.

We hope that our African-American HIV/AIDS Resource Center inspires you to join the fight and keep the faith. Because even though it is a steep, uphill battle, remember that it is winnable. It won't be easy, but if everyone in our community can step up, get educated about the disease, get tested and take control and responsibility for our health, anything is possible.