I'm very concerned about what I've done in the last years


Dr. Robert:

I am a 28 years old guy from central america and I started to have sexual encounters with prostitutes five years ago (always protected but there was a condom failure 3 years and 8 month ago). That's why I switched to massage parlors because I considered that it is a safer activity until 5 month ago in which I receive a blowjob from the masseuse and now I'm scared for that. I've reading through the archives and it seems that is not a risky activity but the problem is that I'm very scared for HIV that I'd prefer to avoid any sexual encounter. All these years I've been testing with the HIV ag/ab test every six month and all of them are negative, my last test was in september 12th (4 month from the last bj) and it is negative.

  1. Is my last test definite and conclusive? assuming all my sexual activities during these five years. Do I need to test in november (six month after the exposure)

2.Unfortunately I don't have a formal sexual partner but I don't want to stop my sexual life so I decided to minimize the contacts with the masseuses only to handjobs is this activity 100% safe? Is there any other activity in which I will not be on risk?

Right now I'm on psychological therapy due to the fear and anxiety about HIV because I'm afraid of any sexual contact and right now I'm feeling in a point in which I have to decide between abstinence or non risk activities.

I'll appreciate your answer and where can I send a donation for your foundation?

Take care, and I hope you keep in good help and thanks you for the help that you're giving to people from all over the world.



  1. Yes, a negative HIV test four months after a blowjob is considered to be definitive and conclusive. No additional HIV testing is warranted.

  2. Masturbation/handjobs are not considered a risk for HIV transmission. I'll post below some additional information about safer sexual techniques. You can also read much more on this topic in the archives. Have a look!

  3. Donation information for the Robert James Frascino AIDS Foundation can be found on the foundation's Web site at www.concertedeffort.org. The foundation's address is:

The Robert James Frascino AIDS Foundation 1000 Fremont Ave., Suite 145 Los Altos, CA 94024

I encourage you to continue with your psychotherapy. Sex is supposed to be fun, not anxiety provoking!

Good luck.

Dr. Bob

Good ideas for good sex Oct 21, 2008

Dear Dr. Bob, if you don't like this question please don't use it, but I was wondering if you could point us to some really good safe sexual activities for the first date. I don't mean this to sound like a joke, but if you meet someone and decide to have sex with them, and they say they are negative, of course you cannot believe that. So here is my own personal list of safe sexual practices. Do you agree these activities would have the lowest possible risk? As someone who is very nervous about sexual encounters I still would like to be able to have a little fun now and then without being so scared. Is this list a good beginning? Maybe others who read your wonderful website would welcome your comments. Or maybe you can point me to a convenient website where the current safest sexual practices are outlined. You are an amazing person Dr. Bob!!! What you do is a fantastic for the entire world.

OK sex practices Mutual Masturbation (no fluids exchanged here) Showering together Kissing Oral (with condom) Massage

Response from Dr. Frascino


Your list is indeed completely safe. And if you manage to hit all five activities on your first date, you should consider it a highly successful evening! I'll reprint some information about safer sexual practices below. Also, check out the chapter on safer sex methods at http://hivinsite.ucsf.edu/InSite?page=kb-07-02-02.

Be well. Have fun. Stay safe.

Dr. Bob

AIDS InfoNet Fact Sheet 151 Safer Sex Guidelines

September 30, 2008

How Does HIV Spread During Sex?

To spread HIV during sex, HIV infection in blood or sexual fluids must be transmitted to someone. Sexual fluids come from a man's penis or from a woman's vagina, before, during, or after orgasm. HIV can be transmitted when infected fluid gets into someone's body. You can't spread HIV if there is no HIV infection. If you and your partners are not infected with HIV, there is no risk. An "undetectable viral load" (see Fact Sheet 125) does NOT mean "no HIV infection." If there is no contact with blood or sexual fluids, there is no risk. HIV needs to get into the body for infection to occur.

Safer sex guidelines are ways to reduce the risk of spreading HIV during sexual activity.

Unsafe Activities

Unsafe sex has a high risk of spreading HIV. The greatest risk is when blood or sexual fluid touches the soft, moist areas (mucous membrane) inside the rectum, vagina, mouth, nose, or at the tip of the penis. These can be damaged easily, which gives HIV a way to get into the body. Vaginal or rectal intercourse without protection is very unsafe. Sexual fluids enter the body, and wherever a man's penis is inserted, it can cause small tears that make HIV infection more likely. The receptive partner is more likely to be infected, although HIV might be able to enter the penis, especially if it has contact with HIV-infected blood or vaginal fluids for a long time or if it has any open sores.

Some men think that they can?t transmit HIV if they pull their penis out before they reach orgasm. This isn?t true, because HIV can be in the fluid that comes out of the penis before orgasm.

Safer Activities

Most sexual activity carries some risk of spreading HIV. To reduce the risk, make it more difficult for blood or sexual fluid to get into your body. Be aware of your body and your partner's. Cuts, sores, or bleeding gums increase the risk of spreading HIV. Rough physical activity also increases the risk. Even small injuries give HIV a way to get into the body.

Use a barrier to prevent contact with blood or sexual fluid. Remember that the body's natural barrier is the skin. If you don't have any cuts or sores, your skin will protect you against infection. However, in rare cases HIV can get into the body through healthy mucous membranes. The risk of infection is much higher if the membranes are damaged.

The most common artificial barrier is a condom for men. You can also use a female condom to protect the vagina or rectum during intercourse. Fact Sheet 153 has more information on condoms.

Lubricants can increase sexual stimulation. They also reduce the chance that condoms or other barriers will break. Oil-based lubricants like Vaseline, oils, or creams can damage condoms and other latex barriers. Be sure to use water-based lubricants.

Oral sex has some risk of transmitting HIV, especially if sexual fluids get in the mouth and if there are bleeding gums or sores in the mouth. Pieces of latex or plastic wrap over the vagina, or condoms over the penis, can be used as barriers during oral sex. Condoms without lubricants are best for oral sex. Most lubricants taste awful.

Safe Activities

Safe activities have no risk for spreading HIV. Abstinence (never having sex) is totally safe. Sex with just one partner is safe as long as neither one of you is infected and if neither one of you ever has sex or shares needles (see Fact Sheet 154) with anyone else. Fantasy, masturbation or hand jobs (where you keep your fluids to yourself), sexy talk, and non-sexual massage are also safe. These activities avoid contact with blood or sexual fluids, so there is no risk of transmitting HIV.

To be safe, assume that your sex partners are infected with HIV. You can't tell if people are infected by how they look. They could be lying if they tell you they are not infected, especially if they want to have sex with you. Some people got HIV from their steady partners who were unfaithful "just once."

Even people who got a negative test result might be infected. They might have been infected after they got tested, or they might have gotten the test too soon after they were exposed to HIV. Fact Sheet 102 has more information on HIV testing.

What if Both People Are Already Infected?

Some people who are HIV-infected don't see the need to follow safer sex guidelines when they are sexual with other infected people. However, it still makes sense to "play safe." If you don't, you could be exposed to other sexually transmitted infections such as herpes, human papillomavirus (HPV), or syphilis. If you already have HIV, these diseases can be more serious. Choosing a sex partner based on their HIV infection status is called "sero sorting." A recent study showed that this is not a very effective way to reduce the risk of HIV infection. Also, you might get "re-infected" with a different strain of HIV. This new version of HIV might not be controlled by the medications you are taking. It might also be resistant to other antiretroviral drugs. There is no way of knowing how risky it is for two HIV-positive people to have unsafe sex. Following the guidelines for safer sex will reduce the risk.

Know What You're Doing

Using alcohol or drugs before or during sex greatly increases the chances that you will not follow safer sex guidelines. Be very careful if you have used any alcohol or drugs.

Set Your Limits

Decide how much risk you are willing to take. Know how much protection you want to use during different kinds of sexual activities. Before you have sex:

Think about safer sex; Set your limits; Get a supply of lubricant and condoms or other barriers, and be sure they are easy to find when you need them; and Talk to your partners so they know your limits. Stick to your limits. Don't let alcohol or drugs or an attractive partner make you forget to protect yourself.

The Bottom Line

HIV infection can occur during sexual activity. Sex is safe only if there is no HIV, no blood or sexual fluids, or no way for HIV to get into the body. You can reduce the risk of infection if you avoid unsafe activities or if you use barriers like condoms. Decide on your limits and stick to them.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- This article was provided by AIDS InfoNet.