The risk of getting HIV through masturbation (wanking, frigging, fingering, a hand job) is so small that it's really not worth worrying about.
If you're doing it on your own, the risk is ZERO, with no if's or but's.
If you and a partner are masturbating each other, there's a low, theoretical risk if your partner has HIV infection. If a hand has direct contact with infected semen or vaginal fluids, and then that hand has contact with the urethral opening of your penis or the inside of your vagina, it's just about plausible that an infection could be passed on. It's also theoretically possible that a cut on your hand could provide an opening to infected fluids.
These are theoretical risks. Only one case like this has ever been reported.
And if your HIV-positive partner is taking effective HIV treatment and has an "undetectable" viral load, there will be virtually no HIV in his or her sexual fluids, making transmission even less likely.
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In addition, our Q&A experts sometimes address questions about masturbation in our "Ask the Experts" forums. Here are some of those questions and our experts' responses:
- Can I get an STD?
Hi, if I used a toothbrush to masturbate and some woman might have also used it to masturbate a couple of days ago, am I at risk for an STD?
- Infections as a result of masturbation?
From a young age, I have been engaging in masturbation and sometimes with another male. Now I am still engaging the act but the second party is not there. Is there a possibility that I would get viral infections as a result of the sexual act?