This is an opportune time to work to eliminate syphilis in indigenous communities, according to a new report by researchers from the Kirby Institute at the University of New South Wales. Their study of national data found that the number of syphilis cases among indigenous people dropped dramatically between 2005 and 2009. "Now might be the right time to move toward eliminating infectious syphilis from remote indigenous communities," said James Ward, the paper's co-author. "The relatively small numbers of notifications in indigenous remote communities, their geographical concentration and recent sustained decrease make this a viable option." The study was published in the Medical Journal of Australia.