1994. The ACTG 076 study finds that pregnant women taking AZT reduce the risk of HIV transmission to their unborn child by two-thirds. The U.S. Public Health Service recommends that HIV-positive pregnant women use AZT to reduce mother-to-child transmission. Elizabeth Glaser, co-founder of the Pediatric AIDS Foundation, dies. Former U.S. Surgeon General Jocelyn Elders is fired by President Clinton for saying that masturbation should "perhaps be taught" as part of sex education. Rae Lewis-Thornton, an African-American woman living with HIV, is featured on the cover of Essence magazine.