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Who Is At Risk For Toxoplasmosis

Here's a taste of what has to offer on this topic:
Get the Facts
AIDS InfoNet


What Is Toxoplasmosis? Toxoplasmosis (toxo) is an infection caused by the single-celled parasite toxoplasma gondii . A parasite lives inside another living organism (the host) and takes all of its nutrients from the host. The most common illness caused by toxo is an infection of the brain (encephalitis). Toxo can also infect other parts of the body. Toxo can lead to coma and death. The risk of toxo is highest when your CD4 cell (T-cell) counts...
Ask the Experts


I have toxo, as well with hiv. My toxo was active as a child and thus recieved scaring of tissue in the eyes. Now its not active. Supposedly I was supposed to be blind by 14, but ever happened. Good thing! But now I'm HIV+, almost 2 yrs now. I...
Keith Henry, M.D.

Response from Keith Henry, M.D.

University of Minnesota, School of Medicine
Persons with HIV/AIDS and CD4 count < 200 are at risk for reactivation of toxoplasmosis (one of the AIDS defining conditions). Use of TMP/SMX for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia is fairly good at preventing toxoplasmaosis. If you CD4 count is... Read more »

Catr Toxoplasmosis

Thank you for responding to my question on December 7th in reference to the dangers of cats and HIV. How is a person exposed to the toxoplasmosis? Could it be acquired from other surfaces, such as carpet or furniture? My viral load is...
Keith Henry, M.D.

Response from Keith Henry, M.D.

University of Minnesota, School of Medicine
A CD4 count of > 500 is generally considered "good." The major risk of toxoplasmosis from cats involves their excrement, usually in their litter boxes. Risk from other services in the absence of cat urine/feces is minimal. KH... Read more »

Born with toxoplasmosis

I am 49 years old and have been positive for 15 years with no related hiv illness ever. However I do have conjenital toxoplasmosis and have been legally blind since birth. I am not currently on any meds and doing quite well. My T-cell count is...
Keith Henry, M.D.

Response from Keith Henry, M.D.

University of Minnesota, School of Medicine
Generally the risk for central nervous system toxoplasmosis goes up after the CD4 count falls to less than 250. Taking a sulfa antibiotic (i.e. Septra) can prevent both Pneumocystis and toxo so that is recommended once the CD4 count is <... Read more »

HIV- patient with toxoplasmosis

I'm a 21 year old male, HIV-, with a recent IgG toxo positive test as high as 1600, to avoid errors, I will be tested again. What I would like to know is how much risk of having what do I have?? and if is there treatment?...
Judith Feinberg, M.D.

Response from Judith Feinberg, M.D.

University of Cincinnati, College of Medicine
HIV-s can get infected with toxoplasmosis also. Unlike HIV+s whose toxo is almost always in the brain, HIV-s can have much milder forms of toxo. Typically toxo in this situation is associated with fever and swollen lymph nodes. Sometimes the... Read more »
Connect With Others


Posted by Anonymous
Just wondering if any of you have had, or known others who have had, toxoplasmosis. can you give me some information regarding long term effects in advanced infections?? Thank you soooo much! My email address is! thanks again!

Read more »

Have you made it through Toxo

Posted by BigSis, 3 Replies
My little brother is just getting through a horrible round of toxoplasmosis; we almost lost him several times. He wasnt on any medication before this, he was very private about everything and I thought he was taking care of himself. Since the toxo... Read more »

this is what freaks me out

Posted by chrisbadmushroom, 1 Reply
Dear Dr Gallant, I had a high risk exposure on February 26, at 6 weeks I developed
malaise, fatigue, a red rash in my upper roght arm, Lymphadenopaty, and an
enlarged spleen. Six months later, after losing my job, the symptoms continue and I
am... Read more »

about my medication:

Posted by Anonymous, 4 Replies
i am thinking of stoping to take my meds. Is there any consequances that will happen, is the deases will progress, will i get really ill, ect...

Thanks Read more »