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What Method To Detect Evidence Of Hiv Infection

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U.S. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

The Evidence That HIV Causes AIDS

Background The acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) was first recognized in 1981 and has since become a major worldwide pandemic. AIDS is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). By leading to the destruction and/or functional impairment of cells of the immune system, notably CD4+ T cells, HIV progressively destroys the body's ability to fight infections and certain cancers. An HIV-infected person is diagnosed with AIDS when his...
Ask the Experts

How do they detect and subtype a specific HIV infection?

How do they group and subtype a specific HIV viral infection? Presumably this method must also be able to detect the virus, whatever subtype it belongs to? Can you please explain a bit of how the process works?Thanks....
Mark Holodniy, M.D., F.A.C.P., C.I.C.

Response from Mark Holodniy, M.D., F.A.C.P., C.I.C.

Stanford University, School of Medicine
Subtyping HIV-1 is usually performed in research laboratories using fairly sophisticated molecular biology techniques. It involves DNA sequencing the HIV envelop, and polymerase genes primarily, and then comparing those sequences to known other... Read more »

HIV Testing methods

Dear Doctor:Could you explain the different methods/techniques currently used to test HIV infection? and which of the following testing methods are the most accurate tests:1. PGA2. GA3. Western Blot4. ELISAThank you and I look forward to receive...
Mark Holodniy, M.D., F.A.C.P., C.I.C.

Response from Mark Holodniy, M.D., F.A.C.P., C.I.C.

Stanford University, School of Medicine
I have to plead ignorance as to what the acronyms PGA/GA stand for. If you could give me the name, I probably know what it is. On to number 3/4. ELISA stands for enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. Another name is EIA, enzyme immunoassay. This test... Read more »

Understanding risk levels (SAFER SEX GUIDELINES, SAFER SEX METHODS, 2011)

I understand that sex acts (and life in general) include levels of risk. I get that unprotected anal sex with a known HIV+ partner is very high risk (even higher for the receptive partner) and I get that kissing carries negligible risk, and I get...
Robert J. Frascino, M.D.

Response from Robert J. Frascino, M.D.

The Robert James Frascino AIDS Foundation
Hi,The best we can offer is relative levels of risk associated with various sexual activities. Check out Table 1 in the CDC document about nPEP. It can be found at www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/rr/rr5402.pdf. However, it's important to note there are... Read more »

early detection of hiv in mother & child

how early we detect mother to child hiv transmission & by which method?...
Brooks Jackson, M.D.

Response from Brooks Jackson, M.D.

Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine
If a baby becomes infected during the pregnancy, then they will test positive at birth by HIV DNA PCR or HIV RNA PCR.If infected around the time of labor and delivery, then they will typically test positive within 2 weeks by HIV DNA or RNA PCR. The... Read more »
Connect With Others

More Evidence

Posted by Bear60
More Evidence of the USA's mishandling of the HIV/AIDS funding is shown in this article:
The New York Blade
12/09/2006

By VINCENT MACISAAC

"I'M FRIGHTENED ENOUGH that talking to you makes me nervous," a senior
official at an American health organization... Read more »

CMIA method

Posted by bug, 1 Reply
Hello ,

I got a lab test for HIV after 6 weeks of exposure but the lab was not using the ELISA method but the CMIA method.
The test was HIV Ag(p24) / HIV Ab (type1 + type 2) CMIA method. The results were negative, I was told by the doctor in the lab... Read more »

Scietific Abstarct on Winodw Period/Test Methods

Posted by Anonymous, 1 Reply
(AIDSLINE) Consistent sequential detection of RNA, antigen and antibody in early HIV infection: assessment of the window period.
Int Conf AIDS. 1996 Jul 7-12;11(1):219 (abstract no. Tu.A.153). Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE MED/96921980
Busch M;... Read more »

the method of exposing the immune system .....

Posted by Anonymous
8-14-97 The method of exposing the immune system to parts of HIV
in advanced evolved forms can be made more effective if the
immune system is prepard in advance for this treatment. People
with HIV infection receive some of this preparation but the... Read more »