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What Kind Of Person Can Get Toxoplasmosis

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AIDS InfoNet


What Is Toxoplasmosis? Toxoplasmosis (toxo) is an infection caused by the single-celled parasite toxoplasma gondii . A parasite lives inside another living organism (the host) and takes all of its nutrients from the host. The most common illness caused by toxo is an infection of the brain (encephalitis). Toxo can also infect other parts of the body. Toxo can lead to coma and death. The risk of toxo is highest when your CD4 cell (T-cell) counts...
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What is toxoplasmosis...
Joseph McGowan, M.D., F.A.C.P.

Response from Joseph McGowan, M.D., F.A.C.P.

North Shore University Hospital
Thanks for the question.Toxoplasmosis is a type of parasitic infection that can be acquired at birth or through ingestion (undercooked meat) or contact with animals, such as cats (changing kitty litter, etc). It is not a bacteria or a fungus or a... Read more »

toxoplasmosis meds

how long does a person usualy take toxoplasmosis meds. I had toxoplasmosis in Nov. of 2007 my t cell count was 130 and still taking the meds for it, And still having mri's done to check things Just wondered how long it usualy takes before its...
Edwin DeJesus, M.D., F.A.C.P.

Response from Edwin DeJesus, M.D., F.A.C.P.

The usual length of acute treatment for toxoplasma encephalitis is about a year with some patients requiring long term (secondary) prophylaxis with a much simpler regimen. With the advances on HIV therapy, recent studies have shown that it is... Read more »


Just found out it is in my system. What can you tell me about it and hiv together, and can it be passed via sexual contact?...
Keith Henry, M.D.

Response from Keith Henry, M.D.

University of Minnesota, School of Medicine
A significan fraction of adults are toxoplasma antibody positive (Toxo IgG+) indicating past exposure/infection to the toxoplama parasite (such as through cat litter box contact). For most patients that poses no immediate risk. If a person is HIV... Read more »

Catr Toxoplasmosis

Thank you for responding to my question on December 7th in reference to the dangers of cats and HIV. How is a person exposed to the toxoplasmosis? Could it be acquired from other surfaces, such as carpet or furniture? My viral load is...
Keith Henry, M.D.

Response from Keith Henry, M.D.

University of Minnesota, School of Medicine
A CD4 count of > 500 is generally considered "good." The major risk of toxoplasmosis from cats involves their excrement, usually in their litter boxes. Risk from other services in the absence of cat urine/feces is minimal. KH... Read more »
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