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Spotlight Series: HIV Stigma and Discrimination

What Follow Up Confirmatory Tests Are Used To Diagnose Hiv Infection

Here's a taste of what has to offer on this topic:
Get the Facts
San Francisco AIDS Foundation

HIV Testing

...ELISA, which has been used in research settings, will soon become more widely available to other test sites. The detuned test, which is used only after HIV antibodies are confirmed by a Western Blot test , can determine if the HIV infection is recent (within the last six months), which may be useful for deciding upon possible early treatment options. Western Blot (WB) Assay The WB is a confirmatory test: it is only performed if an...
Ask the Experts

Follow-up: Easy to know HIV infection from symptoms if you know whats going on & what to look for!

Hi.Dr.Bob;Hope you are doing good.Just a quick comment, i have since infection 12 weeks ago, actually, physically felt rapid viral replication in my blood (via pathogenic irriation, whether or not you believe in it), followed by infection spreading...
Robert J. Frascino, M.D.

Response from Robert J. Frascino, M.D.

The Robert James Frascino AIDS Foundation
...Hello K,You have a very vivid and overactive imagination. Have you considered a career as a science fiction writer?Dr. BobFollow up: Not Psycosomatic, Just trying to save my life. I somehow had accidental exposure for sure.. Nov 2, 2010Hi... Read more »

newly diagnosed with hiv but no viral load

Hello Doctor I am a 38 year old gay male who was recently diagnosed with hiv. I actually went to the rapid test the week before and tested negative because i was experiencing flu like symptoms. My doctor repeated my test because I tested negative 6...
Mark Holodniy, M.D., F.A.C.P., C.I.C.

Response from Mark Holodniy, M.D., F.A.C.P., C.I.C.

Stanford University, School of Medicine
...not unheard of during acute infection. Your partner will need to have a follow-up test in 6 months to definitively rule out HIV infection. Read more »


dear dr bob when do you reccomened the hiv rna qualative test for diagnostic purpose
Robert J. Frascino, M.D.

Response from Robert J. Frascino, M.D.

The Robert James Frascino AIDS Foundation
...used to detect, but not to quantify, HIV. This type of test does not rely on anti-HIV antibodies and therefore may well pick up HIV infections earlier. However, please note the important qualifying statement in the text: "The test, however, is... Read more »

Are Canadian doctors following the US diagnosis rules?

Hi,I have a friend who was very sick the other day. He went to the hospital and had a few tests. Apparently they found out he got HIV from a risky behavior that would have happened two or three weeks before. I looked on the Internet and found your...
Robert J. Frascino, M.D.

Response from Robert J. Frascino, M.D.

The Robert James Frascino AIDS Foundation
...the archives. Canada has some wonderful HIV specialists. These physicians are very capable of making an accurate diagnosis of HIV disease. If your friend is indeed positive, the specialist will recommend confirmatory tests as well as additional... Read more »
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Incidence and Diagnoses of HIV Infection -- Puerto Rico, 2006, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection reporting; among territories, Puerto Rico had the second highest rate of HIV infection. 1 To characterize the HIV epidemic in Puerto Rico in 2006 (the year with the most recent available... Read more »
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Guidelines for Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Adults and Adolescents

...OIs continue to cause considerable morbidity and mortality for three primary reasons: 1) many patients are unaware of their HIV infection and seek medical care when an OI becomes the initial indicator of their disease; 2) certain patients are... Read more »
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Questions and Answers: The 15% Increase in HIV Diagnoses From 2004-2007 in 34 States and General Surveillance Report Questions

...unreported. As states continue to implement revised surveillance practices, the annual numbers of reported and diagnosed cases of HIV infection are likely to fluctuate. Electronic lab reporting of viral loads and CD4 counts enables states to... Read more »
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Estimated Lifetime Risk for Diagnosis of HIV Infection Among Hispanics/Latinos -- 37 States and Puerto Rico, 2007

...three times that for whites (8.2). 1 To calculate the estimated lifetime risk (ELR) and age-conditional risk for diagnosis of HIV infection among Hispanics/Latinos in 37 states and Puerto Rico, CDC analyzed HIV surveillance data, vital... Read more »
Connect With Others

4th Generation HIV Test

Posted by Trophy
...phenotyping). The focus of this discussion is on antibody detection, the most widely used and most effective way to identify HIV infection. General Considerations Tests to detect antibody to HIV can be further classified as: (a) screening... Read more »


Posted by Anonymous
...proper laboratory testing. Patients with the syndrome may have fever, fatigue, rash, pharyngitis or other symptoms. Primary HIV infection should be considered in any patient with possible HIV exposure who presents with fever of unknown cause. The... Read more »

I'm just diagnosed

Posted by Anonymous, 3 Replies
...hi everyone, I'm 31 years old female from Indonesia, today, i just diagnosed as HIV+. I got it from my ex husband. Thank God, my 2,5 years old daughter is negative. I'm planning to re-marry in a short Read more »

The Failure of Viral Load Tests

Posted by Anonymous, 2 Replies
...drugs, while AIDS doctors throughout the world started using viral load for everything from diagnosing illness to confirming HIV infection. The new uses for viral load emerged and gained popular acceptance despite the fact that, according to... Read more »