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Methods Used To Detect Hiv In Neonates

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AIDS InfoNet

Pregnancy and HIV

How Do Babies Get AIDS? How Can We Prevent Infection of Newborns? Breastfeeding How Do We Know if a Newborn Is Infected? What About the Mother's Health? The Bottom Line How Do Babies Get AIDS? HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, can be transmitted from an infected mother to her newborn child. According to the World Health Organization, without antiretroviral treatment, up to 30% of babies of HIV infected mothers get HIV. If the...
Ask the Experts

NEONATE OF HIV INFECTED MOTHER HIV UNINFECTED???

Sir,I tested positive in INDIA by Elisa but P24 Negative.In my test report the note is as under as recommendation.Note:" NEONATES BORN OF HIV INFECTED MOTHERS CAN HAVE HIV INFECTION OR CAN BE UN INFECTED DESPITE PRESENCE OF MATERIAL ANTIBODIES...
Mark Holodniy, M.D., F.A.C.P., C.I.C.

Response from Mark Holodniy, M.D., F.A.C.P., C.I.C.

Stanford University, School of Medicine
Natural history studies (HIV infected women, not receiving HIV treatment) indicate that about 25% (1 in 4) of infants become infected. So no, not all infants from women who are infected become HIV infected. That number goes down dramatically if... Read more »

Legit ARS Detection

Dear Dr. Holodniy,For diagnosis of ARS, which would be the preferred method ...DNA or RNA PCR? I was thinking that if it only took a few infected cells (DNA) to create thousands of RNA, wouldn't the RNA PCR be more effective, or is my...
Mark Holodniy, M.D., F.A.C.P., C.I.C.

Response from Mark Holodniy, M.D., F.A.C.P., C.I.C.

Stanford University, School of Medicine
The preferred diagnostic test for HIV infection is an antibody test. In neonates, where HIV antibody testing cannot be used (because of maternal transfer of antibodies to the fetus), RNA testing appears somewhat more sensitive.... Read more »

Manual method of detecting viral load and cd4 count

Hi,Please I need help! What does a cd4 count of 420cells mean using the manual method to detect cd4 count and also a viral load of 3.29 log RNA copies/ml mean in the < 2000 range.Cheers,...
Mark Holodniy, M.D., F.A.C.P., C.I.C.

Response from Mark Holodniy, M.D., F.A.C.P., C.I.C.

Stanford University, School of Medicine
I am not sure what the manual method is. But given those numbers, you are in immunologically good shape, and if you are not on treatment, you don't need treatment at this point.... Read more »

early detection of hiv in mother & child

how early we detect mother to child hiv transmission & by which method?...
Brooks Jackson, M.D.

Response from Brooks Jackson, M.D.

Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine
If a baby becomes infected during the pregnancy, then they will test positive at birth by HIV DNA PCR or HIV RNA PCR.If infected around the time of labor and delivery, then they will typically test positive within 2 weeks by HIV DNA or RNA PCR. The... Read more »
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CMIA method

Posted by bug, 1 Reply
Hello ,

I got a lab test for HIV after 6 weeks of exposure but the lab was not using the ELISA method but the CMIA method.
The test was HIV Ag(p24) / HIV Ab (type1 + type 2) CMIA method. The results were negative, I was told by the doctor in the lab... Read more »

can you detect HIV w/ a basic blood test?

Posted by Anonymous
can you detect HIV w/ a basic blood test like testing for ur hematology and and blood chemistry? a blood test not specifically for HIV like the ELISA test. Read more »

Scietific Abstarct on Winodw Period/Test Methods

Posted by Anonymous, 1 Reply
(AIDSLINE) Consistent sequential detection of RNA, antigen and antibody in early HIV infection: assessment of the window period.
Int Conf AIDS. 1996 Jul 7-12;11(1):219 (abstract no. Tu.A.153). Unique Identifier : AIDSLINE MED/96921980
Busch M;... Read more »

the method of exposing the immune system .....

Posted by Anonymous
8-14-97 The method of exposing the immune system to parts of HIV
in advanced evolved forms can be made more effective if the
immune system is prepard in advance for this treatment. People
with HIV infection receive some of this preparation but the... Read more »