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How Does The Rna Hiv Virus Effect The Helper T Cell

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Get the Facts
San Francisco AIDS Foundation


...symptoms), it is very important to monitor the immune system in order to make the best choices about treatment. Two tests are used to monitor immune health: CD4 count test: an immune monitoring test (also called a T4 or helper T cell count test) that measures the number of CD4 cells in a blood sample. This is typically expressed as number of CD4 cells per cubic millimeter (mm 3 ). CD4 count is one indicator of how much damage HIV...
Ask the Experts

HIV Infection Process

Dr. Bob,Hello. I am not sure if this is the correct forum to present this question, but I've been browsing this section for a few weeks now and you seem to be really on top of things.My question/curiosity is regaring the HIV infection process. In...
Robert J. Frascino, M.D.

Response from Robert J. Frascino, M.D.

The Robert James Frascino AIDS Foundation
...cells, which, along with B cells, are central components of the immune system. (The CD4 cell is also called a T4 cell and a T-helper cell.) The CD4 cell's job is to help coordinate the immune system's defense against a variety of infectious... Read more »

Help needed for HIV Education (AIDS DENIALISTS)

Hi Dr Bob,I always read this site and being a regular traveller to Africa i always pass of safe sex info to the locals.I have one gentthere who denies HIV/Aids is real and usually bounces all kind of info at me to back up his claim. Can you please...
Robert J. Frascino, M.D.

Response from Robert J. Frascino, M.D.

The Robert James Frascino AIDS Foundation
...6.Stein, Daniel S, Korvick, Joyce A. and Vermund, Sten H. CD4+ Lymphocyte Cell Enumeration for Prediction of Clinical Course of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Disease, a Review. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 1992; 165: 352-363. 7.Stansell, J.D.,... Read more »


To the good Dr. Bob, I have submitted a donation on-line, and will submit a heftier holiday donation as well, but in the interim I was hoping you might field another inquiry from me regarding a post of mine a few weeks ago pertaining to the Aptima...
Robert J. Frascino, M.D.

Response from Robert J. Frascino, M.D.

The Robert James Frascino AIDS Foundation
...indicating probable infection, and should be followed up later with traditional EIA antibody testing to confirm infection with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus.Please correct me as this is purely supposition from what Im reading, but is the... Read more »

Helper T-Cells

I've read that non-progressors produce certain type of "T helper Cells" in enough quantity so as to contain the virus, while progressors produce the same kind of "T helper Cells" but not in enough quantity. Has anybody tried yet to clone these...
Mark Holodniy, M.D., F.A.C.P., C.I.C.

Response from Mark Holodniy, M.D., F.A.C.P., C.I.C.

Stanford University, School of Medicine
...cells you are referring to I believe are the CD8 cytotoxic t cells. This type of cell is the primary containment mechanism of HIV replication. The mechanism by which these cells contain replication is the subject of intense research. Infusing... Read more »
The Body


...orchestrate the immune response, signaling other cells in the immune system to perform their special functions. Also known as T helper cells. A normal CD4 or T-cell count is between 800 and 1,200. Cells/mm3 A measurement used to describe... Read more »
Test Positive Aware Network

HIV and Your Immune System work. Laboring, for the most part, in relative silence and obscurity, these systems of defense may become compromised when Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) threatens key CD4+ (T-helper) lymphocytes, integral to proper immune function. ... Read more »
U.S. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

How HIV Causes AIDS

...research effort of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) is devoted to the pathogenesis of HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) disease. Studies on pathogenesis address the complex mechanisms that result in the... Read more »
San Francisco AIDS Foundation

Restoring Immunity in HIV Disease viruses has begun and thus limit the number produced, thereby also affecting viral load. Dependence of CTLs on T-Helper Cells If CTLs are so important in controlling viral load, what controls the effectiveness of CTLs? It... Read more »
Connect With Others

Interferon and Hiv

Posted by ethan_hines, 2 Replies
...Why doesn't pegylated Interferon work the same way with Hiv as it does with HVB/C?. Isn't Interferon very important in fighting RNA virus infections which Hiv is one of? How does Hiv get Read more »

time line

Posted by Anonymous
...Francisco, also isolates a retrovirus, which he names ARV (AIDS-associated retrovirus). In 1986, a compromise name is settled upon: human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV. Once the virus is discovered, new discoveries occur at a rapid pace:... Read more »

Acute HIV Infection Overview

Posted by Anonymous
...treatment of acute HIV-1 infection allows long-term viral suppression, leads to preservation and even increase of HIV-1-specific T helper cell responses and allows for the conservation of a very homogeneous virus population. First pilot studies... Read more »

Read the stories but I think I'm still +

Posted by Anonymous, 5 Replies
...know what I mean. I am worried that I got some vaginal secretions into my mouth and then into my blood stream. I dont know her hiv status but I've found out that she has let a lot of guys do this. Afterwards, I felt extremely guilty for cheating... Read more »