The Body: The Complete HIV/AIDS Resource
Follow Us Follow Us on Facebook Follow Us on Twitter Download Our App
Professionals >> Visit The Body PROThe Body en Espanol

Hiv Opportunistic Infection Guidelines

Here's a taste of what has to offer on this topic:
Get the Facts
The Well Project

What Are Opportunistic Infections?

... Table of Contents Basic Facts Preventing and Treating OIs OIs and Women Most Common Opportunistic Infections (OIs) in HIV-Positive People Basic Facts While many viruses can be controlled by the immune system , HIV targets and infects the same immune system cells that are supposed to protect us from illnesses. These are a type
Ask the Experts

Why are they waiting to start tx?

My brother is an inmate in TDCJ. He was diagnosed hiv+ 6 months ago. What are the indications for starting antivirals? They told him his, I believe cd4 count, had to drop below 200. Is this the standard of care? Or TDCJ/UTMB standards? I thank you...
David Wohl, M.D.

Response from David Wohl, M.D.

University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill
...start HIV therapy when:1. CD4 cell count is 350 or less2. There are signs or symptoms of advancing HIV infection such as an opportunistic infection, weight loss, night sweats, etc.Plus, many will consider starting HIV meds if the viral load is... Read more »

MRSA & Treatment

I had a mrsa infection 12/28, 2 wks antibiotics, finished then 1/21 another mrsa infection, 2 wks antibiotics and now 2/15 another bump. My CD4 is 520 and VL 15000. Should I consider starting treatment, and is MRSA considered a opportunistic...
Benjamin Young, M.D., Ph.D.

Response from Benjamin Young, M.D., Ph.D.

Rocky Mountain CARES (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) is a common community-acquired bacterial infection. MRSA is not an opportunistic infection, per se. A couple of episodes of MRSA, in my opinion, isn't sufficient reason to start HIV... Read more »

Is hepC now considered an opportunistic infection in those with HIV?

Hi Dr., I just came across this on the web and wondered if it's true (considered an o.i.) and what do you think of calling it one? "Many HIV positive patients have 'stable' HIV disease due to the widespread use of HAART (highly active antiretroviral...
Judith Feinberg, M.D.

Response from Judith Feinberg, M.D.

University of Cincinnati, College of Medicine
...Yes, it is true that we included hep C in the guidelines for treatment and prevention, but technically speaking, the definition of AIDS is set by the CDC and hep C is not included. Read more »

When does one need HIV treatment?

My bf who has HIV got his first CD4 count, he's currently between 500-600. His doctor says that he's doing find and doesn't need any treatment at this point (not until it falls below 400). Is the doctor's recommendation correct? Why is it that my...
Ewald Horwath, M.D.

Response from Ewald Horwath, M.D.

University of Miami School of Medicine
...HIV+ and have symptoms and those with CD4 count 350 and viral load > 55,000.The main complications of HIV infection, such as opportunistic infections, start to happen when the CD4 count falls below 350. Starting treatment before that time is... Read more »
U.S. National Institutes of Health

U.S. Updates Clinical Guidelines for Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections Among HIV-Exposed and HIV-Infected Children

...of America, the American Academy of Pediatrics, and the PediatricInfectious Disease Society. The new guidelines apply to 23 opportunistic infectious diseases. A panel ofmore than 30 government and non-government pediatric HIV and infectious... Read more »
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

U.S. Releases Updated Clinical Guidelines for HIV-Associated Opportunistic Infections

... The first complete update in five years of the U.S. guidelines for preventing and treating HIV-associated opportunistic infections has been released by the National Institutes of Health and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in... Read more »
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Guidelines for Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Adults and Adolescents . Summary This report updates and combines earlier versions of guidelines for the prevention and treatment of opportunistic infections (OIs) in HIV-infected adults (i.e., persons aged > 18 years) and adolescents (i.e.,... Read more »
Brown Medical School

Prevention of Opportunistic Infections (OIs) in Those With HIV Infection

...fairly predictable and inexorable decline in their CD4 count. Once a patient's CD4 count declines significantly, prophylaxis for opportunistic infections is initiated and continues indefinitely. Beginning in 1995, the availability of more... Read more »
Connect With Others

Esophagitis as opportunistic infection

Posted by Anonymous, 1 Reply
...I am wonering if anyone can tell me if Esophagitis can occur within 1st year of acquiring HIV infection. Please, I am extremely scared and I would appericiate an answer. Thanks, Nate Read more »

What is longest period of time HIV+ without...

Posted by Anonymous, 5 Replies
......progression to AIDS? Read more »


Posted by Anonymous, 1 Reply
...body's ability to fight infections and certain cancers. People diagnosed with AIDS may get life-threatening diseases called opportunistic infections, which are caused by microbes such as viruses or bacteria that usually do not make healthy people... Read more »


Posted by Anonymous, 5 Replies
Im very curious as to how people feel about pets. Being how pets are usually outside, are there any problems? I mean to ask this only because I've read of oportunitic infections usually seen in animals, I was wondering if theres anything to avoid. Read more »