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Epidemiology Of Hiv Risk Factors

Here's a taste of what has to offer on this topic:
Get the Facts
U.S. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

The Evidence That HIV Causes AIDS

...genetic analyses of virus isolated from both the dentist and the patients. The dentist and three of the patients developed AIDS and died, and at least one of the other patients has developed AIDS. Five of the patients had no HIV risk factors other than multiple visits to the dentist for invasive procedures ( O'Brien, Goedert . Curr Opin Immunol 1996;8:613; O'Brien , 1997; Ciesielski et al. Ann Intern Med 1994;121:886). In addition,...
Ask the Experts

Infection via eye mucosa and PEP-Follow up please

Dear dr. YoungThank you for your swift answer. I decided not take PEP, since the source patient was of unknown HIV status and the source patient was with low HIV risk factors ( married family women with a 3 year old child). (I knew I could have...
Benjamin Young, M.D., Ph.D.

Response from Benjamin Young, M.D., Ph.D.

Rocky Mountain CARES in your case, perhaps lower, but sounds like you might not be in the US (or EU?); my knowledge of the relative risks or epidemiology among such individuals is low. The way I look at it is risk is largely binary. If there was sufficient... Read more »

Understanding risk levels (SAFER SEX GUIDELINES, SAFER SEX METHODS, 2011)

I understand that sex acts (and life in general) include levels of risk. I get that unprotected anal sex with a known HIV+ partner is very high risk (even higher for the receptive partner) and I get that kissing carries negligible risk, and I get...
Robert J. Frascino, M.D.

Response from Robert J. Frascino, M.D.

The Robert James Frascino AIDS Foundation
...behavior did not significantly lower the absolute risk of HIV infection.(56) As these models draw their assumptions from the epidemiology of HIV in developed-country settings, the applicability of their conclusions to high-prevalence heterosexual... Read more »

HIV Risk From Oral Sex and Can RX's Increase Risk? (TRANSMISSION VIA ORAL SEX 2009)

What is the true risk from oral sex? After looking at many other forums....some sources say there is low risk, some say no risk, some say that while HIV could transmit in theory, there has never been a recorded case of infection from only receiving...
Robert J. Frascino, M.D.

Response from Robert J. Frascino, M.D.

The Robert James Frascino AIDS Foundation
...oral sex has been a subject of debate since the early years of the epidemic. But the issue is difficult to resolve based on epidemiological studies, since most people do not limit themselves to a single sexual practice. As described in the... Read more »

hiv risk ratio (HIV STATISTICS, 2009)

Doctor, i simply can't buy the ratio stat you mention, such as "the estimated per-act risk for acquiring HIV for unprotected receptive anal sex with a partner confirmed to be HIV positive is 50 per 10,000".First off... why not just say 1 in 200?...
Robert J. Frascino, M.D.

Response from Robert J. Frascino, M.D.

The Robert James Frascino AIDS Foundation
...The reason I use the 10,000 exposures denominator is it helps people put their exposure in context with the other potential HIV risks I frequently quote in this forum. The CDC published these estimated per-exposure risk statistics with a common... Read more »
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

An Emerging HIV Risk Environment: A Preliminary Epidemiological Profile of an MSM POZ Party in New York City

The researchers conducted a behavioral intercept survey among men at entry to "POZ Party" events in New York City in 2003. POZ Parties are emerging sexual environments for HIV-positive men who have sex with men. The investigators examined domains... Read more »
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Problematic Alcohol Use and HIV Risk Among Black Men Who Have Sex With Men in Massachusetts

...the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), and the CAGE alcohol screener. The association of behavioral HIV risk factors and other psychosocial variables with problematic alcohol use (CAGE score 3 or 4) was examined using... Read more »
amfAR, The Foundation for AIDS Research

The Epidemiology of HIV Among MSM in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: High Rates, Limited Responses

...low- and middle-income countries 2000-2006: A systematic review." PLoS Med . 2007 December 1;4(12):e339. Beyrer C. "HIV epidemiology update and transmission factors: Risks and risk contexts." 2006. "HIV prevalence among populations of men... Read more »
U.S. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

The Relationship between AIDS and HIV

...function. Although the precise mechanisms leading to the destruction of the immune system have not been fully delineated, abundant epidemiologic, virologic and immunologic data support the conclusion that infection with the human immunodeficiency... Read more »
Connect With Others

hiv in prison

Posted by Anonymous, 1 Reply
...Georgia Department of Corrections. He would not discuss what, if any, changes officials are considering. Patrick Sullivan, a CDC epidemiologist who helped lead the study, said prison is an opportunity to get AIDS-prevention messages to a... Read more »

Caus[a] del SIDA

Posted by Anonymous, 7 Replies
...immunodeficiency syndrome: Correlation but no causation. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 1989; 86: 755-764. 20. Duesberg PH. AIDS Epidemiology: Inconsistencies with HIV and with infectious diseases. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 1991; 88: 1575-1579. 21. ... Read more »

The Failure of Viral Load Tests

Posted by Anonymous, 2 Replies
...unknown among affluent populations. In her book "AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty," Eileen Stillwaggon draws on conventional epidemiology, which recognizes that people who are malnourished, burdened with parasites and infectious diseases, and who... Read more »

Infectious or Intoxication Diseases?

Posted by Anonymous
...because he is HIV-positive, or whether he is HIV-positive because he suffers from tuberculosis. Another problem of the AIDS epidemiology is the following: By now about 30 afflictions, all of which were known before, are being renamed to AIDS in... Read more »