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Does Hiv Consist Of Dna Or Rna

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Difference between RNA-PCR and RNA-bDNA tests?

Posted by Anonymous, 1 Reply
Does anybody know the difference between RNA-PCR and RNA-bDNA tests?

Are these tests accurate? Any false negative or false positive results? Are they worth taking to evaluate early HIV infection when possible early HIV infection symptoms are present?

I... Read more »

See,I told you HIV replicates a cell's DNA TO RNA

Posted by Anonymous, 1 Reply
The below is plagerized from Gallant ( the guru!)
I know that the present antiretroviral medications do not actually kill the virus.
However, if the medications inhibit the virus from reproducing, doesn't the virus die
by... Read more »


Posted by Anonymous, 1 Reply
Quantitative PCR RNA is the viral load test for HIV-1 only, right ?
For Qualitative PCR DNA for HIV-1 and HIV-2, the report format would be 'detectable' or 'not detectable', right ?..or/and would 'strain' of the hiv founded would be reported ?
To... Read more »

Please help me with test advice!!!!!! (DNA/RNA)

Posted by notanonymous, 3 Replies
ok, i have tested neg at 5 months past "high-risk" and 10-13 weeks (might as well say 10) since "low-risk" exposure. i have had all kinds of symptoms and eye floaters and sore throat, swollen tonsil still persist. i am at about 11-12 weeks past... Read more »


Posted by Anonymous, 2 Replies
I only recently had a "low risk" exposure (the receiver of unprotected oral sex and did not know the status of my male partner). I have been reading many of the posts and comments here and have seen PCR-DNA and RNA tests for HIV. What are these... Read more »
Ask the Experts


Dr Brook, to one of your answers dated 28 October 2001, DNA PCR Test while Pregnant you said that the HIV RNA test is more sensitive than the HIV DNA PCR test for detecting early infection if you are not taking antiretrovirals. Now does this mean...
Brooks Jackson, M.D.

Response from Brooks Jackson, M.D.

Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine
Once an adult individual is infected with HIV and is antibody positive, the use of antiretrovirals for treatment will not cause the ELISA test for HIV antibody to become negative. BJ... Read more »

HIV RNA Quantification Vrs DNA PCR test

Is an HIV RNA Quantification result of <50 copies as definitive as the "DNA PCR test" in ruling out HIV 6 weeks after possible exposure. Antibodies are NEG.Becasue of possible ARS, antibodies were also done at 14 weeks, along with an...
Mark Holodniy, M.D., F.A.C.P., C.I.C.

Response from Mark Holodniy, M.D., F.A.C.P., C.I.C.

Stanford University, School of Medicine
A RNA test and DNA test during acute infection will have about equal positivity. Given the number, type, and interval of tests you have had performed, you do not have HIV infection.MH... Read more »


Dr. Holodniy, I am curious. HIV-1 RNA or DNA sequence, does it resemble any other viruses, or specific cell type especially from humans. False positives in PCR tests, can it be due to RNA/DNA similarity at certain portions of the sequence. And PCR...
Mark Holodniy, M.D., F.A.C.P., C.I.C.

Response from Mark Holodniy, M.D., F.A.C.P., C.I.C.

Stanford University, School of Medicine
The virus is very unlike other viruses. HIV-2 has about 60% of it's sequence the same as HIV-1. False positives are most likely due to operator/technical issues and not sequence homology to other pieces of DNA.... Read more »

DNA PCR vs. RNA PCR in HIV+ people

1. If I tested positive on ELISA and undetectable on viral load (RNA PCR till 15 copies) would DNA PCR tell me, how many of my cells are infected per mililiter or only confirm the infection. Because I thought that the DNA PCR also says how many...
Mark Holodniy, M.D., F.A.C.P., C.I.C.

Response from Mark Holodniy, M.D., F.A.C.P., C.I.C.

Stanford University, School of Medicine
1. Confirm infection.2. Yes, in terms of commercially available kits, although many labs might use a "home brew" (separately purchased reagents possibly from different vendors).3. HIV RNA PCR is approved for following treatment and... Read more »
Johns Hopkins AIDS Service

FDA Review of Viral RNA Testing

Shortly after the approval of the three protease inhibitors, the FDA reviewed the diagnostic assays that quantitate HIV RNA.These tests are being used by many clinicians to monitor viral loads in their patients and to assess their response to... Read more »
American Society for Microbiology

Elite Controllers Block Integration of HIV DNA Into Host Genome

Alone among those infected with HIV-1, so-called elite controllers spontaneously maintain undetectable levels of viral replication even absent the benefit of anti-retroviral therapy. Now Mathias Lichterfeld of the Massachusetts General Hospital,... Read more »
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Consistency of State Statutes With the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention HIV Testing Recommendations for Health Care Settings

In an effort to improve screening for and diagnosis of HIV infection, CDC released its "Revised Recommendations for HIV Testing of Adults, Adolescents and Pregnant Women in Health-care Settings" in September 2006. These guidelines call for all... Read more »
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Couples HIV Testing and Counselling Prompts Rapid Switch to Consistent Condom Use in South African Study

Researchers report that HIV testing and counseling of couples resulted in consistent condom use among sero-discordant couples in stable relationships in South Africa. The study determined whether HIV testing and counseling (HTC)with ongoing... Read more »