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Do Rapid Hiv Tests Detect Asian Clades

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clade detection?

Posted by Anonymous, 2 Replies
I need some help. I read all the posts about subtype detection, and my question is does anyone know for certain that here in the US, will current Elisa tests detect all clades of HIV 1 infection? I have read that heterosexual transmission is type... Read more »

non-b clades??

Posted by Anonymous, 1 Reply
Can someone clear up for me if current antibody tests from places like LabCorp or Quest Diagnostics Elisa's will pick up on non-b clades of HIV 1 infection?
Please help

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Rapid oral HIV test wins FDA approval

Posted by Anonymous
Rapid oral HIV test wins FDA approval
Friday, March 26, 2004 Posted: 4:02 PM EST (2102 GMT)


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Posted by Anonymous, 3 Replies
Can anyone tell me if they have used the Mirates self home test with rapid results. This test has been approved in many of the EU countries. It's not a scam test like so many others. It's a real approved HIV test from the Netherlands. Can you get... Read more »

Asians: let's clear this up.

Posted by Anonymous, 3 Replies
I have seen one or two people asking if the seroconversion time is different for Asians. I think the confusion might be due to some Asian countries' ultra-conservative "window periods." Whether they still use less sensitive tests, or just haven't... Read more »
Ask the Experts

Non-Clade B HIV-1 Infection

My concern is about test sensitivity and specificityfor Non-Clade B HIV-1 Infection. I read an article In MedScape by Maria Ristig, MD; Pablo Tebas, MD statingthat HIV-1 serology can be falsely negative in somecases of infection with non-B HIV...
Ryan M. Kull, C.S.W

Response from Ryan M. Kull, C.S.W

Columbia University's Health & Related Services
HIV is broken down into two major types: HIV-1 and HIV-2. HIV-1 can be broken down into three major groups: M, N, and O. The M group contains many different subtypes or clades (there are 11, A-K). Clades B, C, and E are within the M group; antibody... Read more »

infant testing with non b clade virus

we are seeing more infants born to women with non b clade virus and want to do the appropriate diagnostic testing on the infants. how do you perform diagnostic testing for those infants. one approach that we have been talking about is to do the...
Brooks Jackson, M.D.

Response from Brooks Jackson, M.D.

Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine
If the baby is not on antiretrovirals after birth (which is often the case in devloping countries), then I suggest testing for plasma HIV RNA using one of the commercially available kits which detect non-B subtypes such as the Roche 1.5 Amplicor kit... Read more »

Rapid test detect HIV before Western Blot?

Could a rapid HIV test (specifically Uni-Gold which claims to be able to detect HIV as soon as 3-4 weeks post exposure), detect HIV before a Western Blot is capable of detecting HIV? Asked another way, could a person have a reactive rapid test...
Robert J. Frascino, M.D.

Response from Robert J. Frascino, M.D.

The Robert James Frascino AIDS Foundation
Hello,No. If someone had a reactive rapid test and negative Western Blot, they would be HIV negative. The Western Blot test is the more "specific" test, while the ELISA or rapid test is more "sensitive." See below.Dr. Bobtesting... Read more »

DNA PCR/clades detected?

Hi Dr. Holodniy,Concerning HIV1, are groups A, O, N the only clades a DNA PCR will have trouble detecting or are there others? ...
Mark Holodniy, M.D., F.A.C.P., C.I.C.

Response from Mark Holodniy, M.D., F.A.C.P., C.I.C.

Stanford University, School of Medicine
The ability to detect all subtypes/clades of HIV is dependent on the design of the PCR assay. Some commercial assays are limited in the clades they will detect. Some reference laboratories have modified the assay to accomodate detection of of most,... Read more »

Innovative Rapid HIV Test Appears to Detect Acute HIV; OraQuick Rapid Saliva Tests Found to Be Not Very Accurate for High Risk Testers

My name's Chris Pilcher and I'm a HIV researcher from UCSF [University of California, San Francisco]. I'm principally interested in HIV diagnostics and particularly in detecting and managing acute HIV infection. The poster is appropriately titled,... Read more »
U.S. Food and Drug Administration

FDA Approves First Rapid Diagnostic Test to Detect Both HIV-1 Antigen and HIV-1/2 Antibodies

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved the first rapid Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) test for the simultaneous detection of HIV-1 p24 antigen as well as antibodies to both HIV-1 and HIV-2 in human serum, plasma, and venous or... Read more »
Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation

OraSure Acquires License to Use Rapid Test to Detect HIV-2 in Oral Samples

Bethlehem, Pa.-based OraSure Technologies on Monday announced it has acquired the rights to use its OraQuick Rapid HIV-1/2 Test to detect HIV-2 in oral samples, the Allentown Morning Call reports (Kennedy, Allentown Morning Call , 6/22). ... Read more »
Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation

Routine Opt-Out Rapid HIV Screening and Detection of HIV Infection in Emergency Department Patients

Journal of the American Medical Association : This study examines whether widespread routine HIV screening in a busy hospital emergency department (ED) is "associated with identification of more patients with newly diagnosed HIV infection than... Read more »