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Definition Of Opportunistic Infections

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Get the Facts
The Well Project

What Are Opportunistic Infections?

... Table of Contents Basic Facts Preventing and Treating OIs OIs and Women Most Common Opportunistic Infections (OIs) in HIV-Positive People Basic Facts While many viruses can be controlled by the immune system , HIV targets and infects the same immune system cells that are supposed to protect us from illnesses. These are a type
Ask the Experts

Opportunistic Infections

Dear Mr. Sowadsky, Do opportunistic infections such as skin disorders (fungal, bacterial, noninfectious, dry skin, herpes) occur with recent HIV infection or do they take many years to develop as a result of a damaged immune system?
Rick Sowadsky, M.P.H.

Response from Rick Sowadsky, M.P.H.

Nevada State Health Division AIDS Program
Hi. Thank you for your question. By definition, an "Opportunistic Infection" is an infection that most often causes illness, when there is a damaged or weakened immune system. Damage to the immune system (due to HIV) does not usually occur until... Read more »

Opportunistic Infections related to Fatigue

I've heard that if someone has been living with fatigue for an extended period of time, they have a much greater chance of developing an opportunistic infection. Is there any research on this?
J. B. Molaghan, N.P., A.C.R.N.

Response from J. B. Molaghan, N.P., A.C.R.N.

San Francisco General Hospital
...lead to development of opportunistic infection. Good news has come from Chicago (from the Fifth Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections). The incidence of opportunistic infections in HIV patients here at San Francisco General... Read more »

a complete listing of opportunistic infections

Where can I find a complete list of all the opportunistic infections as defined by CDC?
Judith Feinberg, M.D.

Response from Judith Feinberg, M.D.

University of Cincinnati, College of Medicine
Check the CDC website for the surveillance case definition of AIDS. All the AIDS-defining OIs are listed. Be aware that there are other, less serious infections associated with HIV that are not on this list. Read more »

Is hepC now considered an opportunistic infection in those with HIV?

Hi Dr., I just came across this on the web and wondered if it's true (considered an o.i.) and what do you think of calling it one? "Many HIV positive patients have 'stable' HIV disease due to the widespread use of HAART (highly active antiretroviral...
Judith Feinberg, M.D.

Response from Judith Feinberg, M.D.

University of Cincinnati, College of Medicine
Yes, it is true that we included hep C in the guidelines for treatment and prevention, but technically speaking, the definition of AIDS is set by the CDC and hep C is not included. That may be because the classic definition of an OI is an infection... Read more »
Articles
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Guidelines for Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Adults and Adolescents

...zud4@cdc.gov . Summary This report updates and combines earlier versions of guidelines for the prevention and treatment of opportunistic infections (OIs) in HIV-infected adults (i.e., persons aged > 18 years) and adolescents (i.e.,... Read more »
AIDS InfoNet

Opportunistic Infections

... What Are Opportunistic Infections? Testing for OIs OIs and AIDS What Are the Most Common OIs? Preventing OIs Treating OIs What Are Opportunistic Read more »
U.S. National Institutes of Health

U.S. Updates Clinical Guidelines for Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections Among HIV-Exposed and HIV-Infected Children

...diseases. These diseases, which ordinarily do not cause problems for people with fully functioning immune systems, are known as opportunistic infections. HIV-associated opportunistic infections are a leading cause of hospitalization and death... Read more »
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

U.S. Releases Updated Clinical Guidelines for HIV-Associated Opportunistic Infections

... The first complete update in five years of the U.S. guidelines for preventing and treating HIV-associated opportunistic infections has been released by the National Institutes of Health and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in... Read more »
Connect With Others

Esophagitis as opportunistic infection

Posted by Anonymous, 1 Reply
I am wonering if anyone can tell me if Esophagitis can occur within 1st year of acquiring HIV infection. Please, I am extremely scared and I would appericiate an answer. Thanks, Nate Read more »

Opportunistic Infections??

Posted by Anonymous, 1 Reply
I had a risky situation approx 2 years ago. I have been relatively healthy since then but have become overcome with thoughts of hiv. Is it possible to have an opportunistic infection without having other symptoms. I have never had a fever, night... Read more »

Opportunistic Infections

Posted by Anonymous, 2 Replies
Would you say that a reoccuring itchy rash on the lower back/base of spine (large(ish), flat, red and very itchy) 5-6 months after possible exposure (protected vaginal sex with a sex worker) was anything to worry about? I have shown my Doctor and... Read more »

I may have an opportunistic infection

Posted by Anonymous, 1 Reply
...abnormality in my white blood cell count as of Feb., but that wasn't a certainty. I checked 2 AIDS web sites for descriptions of opportunistic infections that suggest the onset of aids, but saw nothing that matched what I have. My ex-partner... Read more »