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Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

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Get the Facts
U.S. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

The Evidence That HIV Causes AIDS

Background The acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) was first recognized in 1981 and has since become a major worldwide pandemic. AIDS is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). By leading to the destruction and/or functional impairment of cells of the immune system, notably CD4+ T cells, HIV progressively destroys the body's ability to fight infections and certain cancers. An HIV-infected person is diagnosed with AIDS when his...
Ask the Experts

Immune to HIV

Hypothetically speaking, I was just wondering, if someone were immune to the HIV virus, like those prostitutes in The Gambia, would they still be able to transfer the virus? I guess it would be similar to a female who passes on the hemophiliac gene...
Gerald Pierone, M.D.

Response from Gerald Pierone, M.D.

AIDS Research and Treatment Center of the Treasure Coast
If someone were completely immune to HIV they would not transmit. But if infection became established, but non-progressive due to relative immunity, this could lead to a carrier state of sorts. In this case, productive viral replication and... Read more »

HTLV-III/LAV

Dear Dr. Can you explain me what is HTLV-III/LAV?(E.L.I.S.A)Thanks.-...
Mark Holodniy, M.D., F.A.C.P., C.I.C.

Response from Mark Holodniy, M.D., F.A.C.P., C.I.C.

Stanford University, School of Medicine
HTLV III (human t lymphocyte virus)and LAV (lymphocyte associated virus) were the old names for HIV-1. ELISA stands for enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. Another name is EIA, enzyme immunoassay. This is a common method to detect antibodies.... Read more »

Chance of Infection?

About one month ago, I shook hands with someone with aids,I did not see any sores on his hands but I had a few old ones on mine..would you assume I was at risk? A few days later I saw him again and saw that his hands had no cuts of any sort but I...
Cal Cohen, M.D., M.S.

Response from Cal Cohen, M.D., M.S.

Harvard Medical School
Not only do I think you're being overly paranoid, but I think thatyou're being SO overly paranoid that I'm breaking my rule about notdealing with transmission questions and I'm posting your question toprovide readers with a... Read more »

HTLV-III/LAV ?

Dear Dr. Can you explain me what is HTLV-III/LAV? this acronym are in my test result at three months negative, but in the hospital said my test is for hiv-1 and hiv-2....
Andrew T. Pavia, M.D.

Response from Andrew T. Pavia, M.D.

University of Utah, School of Medicine
HTLV-III/LAV is a very outdated term for HIV. It is the same virus, but funny to find someone using the old acronym. If you are interested in the history, read on.It dates back to the period between the discovery of the virus in 1993, and the... Read more »
Connect With Others

Questioning AIDS

Posted by Anonymous, 4 Replies
Having no personal interest in AIDS, I never had any particular position on it either until relatively recently. Just about everything I had read on the subject was from the orthodox, mainstream perspective, but that abruptly stopped making sense to... Read more »

Long term survivor

Posted by DAF, 4 Replies
I am aperson living with AIDS, I have srvived three opertunistic infections. I have known about my status for 22 years and in retrospect I was one of the early cases to be infected,. In the time period from 1978 to 1981.

My qyestion is are there any... Read more »

Whose this person in the mirror that looks like me

Posted by soimnotalone, 2 Replies
When I first found out I was + (rather advanced aids) I was o.k. let the meds begin and I was feeling great. Then I got the rash but I was o.k. gaining weight and feeling fairly ok. Now I cry all the time, the worse episode was during s-e-x who... Read more »

need help/advice

Posted by littlesister
I just found out this afternoon that my older brother has aids, I was shocked to say the least. he would like me not to tell anyone. that means not even my mother.
but here is the catch, he also has hepitits b and c. he has been a drug user for 22... Read more »