Door-to-Door HIV Testing, Married Couple Counseling Among Prevention Efforts Needed, PEPFAR Conference Participants Say
June 1, 2005
Although access to antiretroviral drugs has been the primary focus of U.S. efforts to fight global HIV/AIDS, prevention efforts must increase, according to health care workers attending the second annual meeting of President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief field workers last week in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, the Boston Globe reports. Prevention became a major issue at the conference "because a strong undercurrent of Washington politics could be felt ... and because of fears that no one was paying enough attention to breaking transmission of the virus," according to the Globe. In order for prevention efforts to be successful, people first must know their HIV status, and the results of two studies suggest that conducting HIV testing at people's homes might be effective, according to the Globe. One study conducted in Western Uganda found that 94% of 10,000 residents who were visited in their homes by a health care worker agreed to take an HIV test. U.S. AIDS experts and African leaders attending the conference said they will begin formulating door-to-door prevention programs. "If we want to get more people tested and more people on treatment, this is low-hanging fruit," Rebecca Bunnell, CDC's director of science in Uganda, said, adding, "It gives us a comprehensive look at the entire family." U.S. officials are hoping that the World Health Organization will approve an oral HIV test in the next few years. Although rapid blood tests currently are used, a rapid oral test would be easier to use in the home, according to the Globe.
Reprinted with permission from kaisernetwork.org. You can view the entire Kaiser Daily HIV/AIDS Report, search the archives, or sign up for email delivery at www.kaisernetwork.org/dailyreports/hiv. The Kaiser Daily HIV/AIDS Report is published for kaisernetwork.org, a free service of the Kaiser Family Foundation, by The Advisory Board Company. © 2004 by The Advisory Board Company and Kaiser Family Foundation. All rights reserved.
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