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Spotlight Series: HIV Stigma and Discrimination
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Points for Action


Gender Awareness

  • Promote understanding of the ways in which gender stereotypes and expectations affect women and men, and support work to enhance gender equality and equity.

  • Challenge harmful and divisive concepts of masculinity and other gender stereotypes.

  • Encourage discussion about the ways in which boys are brought up and men are expected to behave.

Sexual Communication and Negotiations

  • Encourage men to talk about sex, drug use and AIDS, with each other and with their partners.

  • Enhance women's capacity to determine when, where and whether sex takes place.


  • Enhance men's access to appropriate sources of information, counselling and support.

  • Promote greater understanding and acceptance of men who have sex with men.

Violence and Sexual Violence

  • Support government and non-government actions to reduce male violence and sexual violence.

Support and Care

  • Help men in their role as fathers and providers of care and support, both within the family and in the community.

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This article was provided by UNAIDS. It is a part of the publication Men and AIDS -- A Gendered Approach, 2000 World AIDS Campaign. Visit UNAIDS' website to find out more about their activities, publications and services.