February 16, 2001
Goals Set by Global Conferences and Their Follow-Up Processes
Twenty-first special session of the General Assembly, on the overall review and appraisal of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development, New York, 30 June-2 July 1999
A new benchmark indicator to measure the reduction of HIV infection levels in young people was agreed at the special session, as follows:
"Governments, with assistance from UNAIDS and donors, should, by 2005, ensure that at least 90 per cent, and by 2010 at least 95 per cent, of young men and women aged 15 to 24 have access to the information, education and services necessary to develop the life skills required to reduce their vulnerability to HIV infection. Services should include access to preventive methods, such as female and male condoms, voluntary testing, counselling and follow-up. Governments should use, as a benchmark indicator, HIV infection rates in persons 15 to 24 years of age, with the goal of ensuring that by 2005 prevalence in this age group is reduced globally, and by 25 per cent in the most affected countries, and that by 2010 prevalence in this age group is reduced globally by 25 per cent." (General Assembly resolution S-21/2, annex, para. 70).
International labor Conference, Geneva, 30 May-15 June 2000
The Conference called on Governments to raise national awareness particularly of the world of work, with a view to eliminating stigma and discrimination attached to HIV/AIDS, as well as to fight the culture of denial, thereby preventing the spread of HIV/AIDS, and to formulate and implement social and labor policies and programs that might mitigate the effects of AIDS.
Twenty-third special session of the General Assembly, entitled "Women 2000: gender equality, development and peace for the twenty-first century," New York, 5-9 June 2000
At its twenty-third special session, the General Assembly identified HIV/AIDS as a priority concern from the health and gender equality perspectives.
In the further actions and initiatives to implement the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action (resolution S/23-3, annex), the General Assembly placed a strong emphasis on the gender aspects of HIV/AIDS and STIs and other health problems. Noting their disproportionate impact on women's and girls' health, it called for action at the national and international levels to encourage, through the media and other means, a high awareness of the harmful effects of certain traditional or customary practices affecting the health of women, some of which increase their vulnerability to HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections, and intensify efforts to eliminate such practices (see resolution S-23/3, annex, para. 98 (d)). It also called for the intensification of community-based strategies to protect women of all ages from HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases and to provide gender-sensitive care and support to infected girls, women and their families (see resolution S-23/3, annex, para. 103 (b) and (c)).
With respect to AIDS orphans, the General Assembly called for action to assist boys and girls orphaned as a result of the HIV/AIDS pandemic (see resolution S-23/3, annex, para. 103 (c)).
Twenty-fourth special session of the General Assembly, entitled "World Summit for Social Development and beyond: achieving social development for all in a globalizing world," Geneva, 26-30 June 2000
Governments were urged to make greater commitments to act on social and economic factors that bear on vulnerability to HIV infection. In addition to the improvement of health-care services and personnel capacities, the provision of basic welfare and psychosocial support to those affected by HIV/AIDS and intensified education programs, particularly for young people, were highlighted as key elements for national response. In the Copenhagen Declaration, adopted by the Summit in 1995, the international community committed itself to strengthening national efforts to address more effectively the growing HIV/AIDS pandemic by providing necessary education and prevention services, working to ensure that appropriate care and support services are available and accessible to those affected by HIV/AIDS, and taking all necessary steps to eliminate every form of discrimination against and isolation of those living with HIV/AIDS,a commitment that remains valid.
Millennium Summit of the United Nations, on the theme "The role of the United Nations in the twenty-first century," New York, 6-8 September 2000
In paragraph 19 of the Millennium Declaration (resolution 55/2), the General Assembly stated the commitment of the international community to have by 2015 halted and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS, the scourge of malaria and other major diseases that afflict humanity, and to provide special assistance to children orphaned by HIV/AIDS. In paragraph 28 of the Declaration, the Assembly resolved to help Africa build up its capacity to tackle the spread of the HIV/AIDS pandemic and other infectious diseases.
This article was provided by UNAIDS. It is a part of the publication Review of the Problem of HIV in All Its Aspects. Visit UNAIDS' website to find out more about their activities, publications and services.