Rising HIV Prevalence, Resistance to Antiretrovirals in Some African Countries, Studies Say
August 18, 2006
Resistance to antiretroviral drugs and HIV prevalence are on the rise in some African countries, according to studies presented Thursday at the XVI International AIDS Conference in Toronto, the Washington Post reports. A study conducted in northern Tanzania finds that 32% of HIV-positive people become resistant to some antiretrovirals. Researchers found that people who purchased antiretrovirals themselves were more likely to skip doses and become resistant. In addition, the study finds that "virological failure" rises the longer people are required to pay for drugs. In a separate study conducted in Uganda, researchers tracked HIV prevalence among men and among women in a rural population and women at 24 prenatal clinics, the Post reports. The study finds that in the rural population, HIV prevalence among men rose from 5.6% to 6.5% and in women it rose from 6.9% to 8.8% in the past four years. The study also finds that in seven prenatal clinics HIV prevalence fell, in seven prenatal clinics it leveled off and in 10 it increased. The reason for the rise is unknown, according to the Post (Brown, Washington Post, 8/18). "It's very alarming," study author Leigh Anne Shafer of the Medical Research Council said, adding, "We want to stress the importance of taking action immediately because waiting another year or two for more data could cost thousands of lives" (Smith, Boston Globe, 8/18). According to the Post, mortality rates among HIV-positive people in Entebbe, Uganda, improved with the introduction of antiretrovirals in the area. Before the drugs were available, the mortality rate was 577 deaths per 1,000 people, and now it is 34 deaths per 1,000 people (Washington Post, 8/18).
Reprinted with permission from kaisernetwork.org. You can view the entire Kaiser Daily HIV/AIDS Report, search the archives, or sign up for email delivery at www.kaisernetwork.org/dailyreports/hiv. The Kaiser Daily HIV/AIDS Report is published for kaisernetwork.org, a free service of the Kaiser Family Foundation, by The Advisory Board Company. © 2006 by The Advisory Board Company and Kaiser Family Foundation. All rights reserved.
Low Condom Use, Multiple Sex Partners, Low Levels of Male Circumcision, Main Factors Fueling Spread of HIV in Southern Africa, Report Says
This article was provided by Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. It is a part of the publication Kaiser Daily HIV/AIDS Report. Visit the Kaiser Family Foundation's website to find out more about their activities, publications and services.