HIV-Positive People in Africa More Likely to Adhere to Antiretroviral Treatment Than HIV-Positive People in North America, Study Finds
August 9, 2006
HIV-positive people in sub-Saharan Africa are more likely to adhere to their antiretroviral treatment regimens than are HIV-positive people in North America, according to a study published in the Aug. 9 edition of the Journal of the American Medical Association, the Los Angeles Times reports. Edward Mills, executive director of the Centre for International Health and Human Rights Studies in Toronto, and colleagues examined 31 studies from North America involving 17,573 HIV-positive people receiving antiretroviral drugs and 27 studies from 12 countries in sub-Saharan Africa involving 12,116 HIV-positive people receiving antiretrovirals (Cline, Los Angeles Times, 8/9). To show trends among the general population, researchers selected study sources that represented mixed populations in Africa and North America. Studies examining specific groups -- such as men only, people without permanent shelter or illicit drug users -- were excluded (Mills et al., JAMA, 8/9). According to the study, 77% of people taking antiretrovirals in sub-Saharan Africa adhered to the regimen, compared with 55% of people receiving antiretroviral treatment in North America (Los Angeles Times, 8/9). In addition, the study finds that low-income individuals in North America had a low adherence rates and also faced a number of obstacles to treatment compliance -- including poor patient-physician relationships, untreated depression and illicit drug use (Howard Price, Washington Times, 8/9).
Reprinted with permission from kaisernetwork.org. You can view the entire Kaiser Daily HIV/AIDS Report, search the archives, or sign up for email delivery at www.kaisernetwork.org/dailyreports/hiv. The Kaiser Daily HIV/AIDS Report is published for kaisernetwork.org, a free service of the Kaiser Family Foundation, by The Advisory Board Company. © 2006 by The Advisory Board Company and Kaiser Family Foundation. All rights reserved.
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