Advertisement
The Body: The Complete HIV/AIDS Resource
Follow Us Follow Us on Facebook Follow Us on Twitter Download Our App
Professionals >> Visit The Body PROThe Body en Espanol
Read Now: TheBodyPRO.com Covers AIDS 2014
  
  • Email Email
  • Comments Comments
  • Printable Single-Page Print-Friendly
  • Glossary Glossary

Policy & Politics

Legal Barriers to Wide HIV Testing Now Mostly Gone

May 16, 2011

HIV testing laws in most states are now compatible with CDC recommendations to streamline diagnosis of the virus, according to a new report. Five states still have testing laws incompatible with at least one aspect of CDC's 2006 HIV testing recommendations, down from 16 states in 2009. The data are based on the January 2011 update to the Compendium of State HIV Testing Laws.

Advertisement

In 2006, CDC recommended HIV screening in health care settings for all patients ages 13-64 unless they specifically decline the test. The agency advised that general consent to medical care include the offer of HIV testing -- whereas some states required separate, written consent solely for HIV testing -- as well as streamlined pre- and post-test counseling.

Since then, 24 states have changed their laws to embrace CDC's recommendations, according to Sarah Neff, MPH, and Ronald Goldschmidt, MD, of the University of California-San Francisco. As of the January update to the compendium, 46 states and jurisdictions (including District of Columbia) had laws that were compatible with CDC's HIV testing guidance.

The five states whose HIV testing laws remain incompatible are Maine, New York, Nebraska, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island, reported Neff and Goldschmidt. Maine requires opt-in testing, in which patients must expressly request an HIV test. Pennsylvania and Rhode Island have counseling requirements that are at odds with CDC recommendations.

Maine and Nebraska both mandate separate HIV testing consent and they, together with New York and Pennsylvania, also require written rather than oral consent. New York does allow oral consent for rapid HIV testing.

The full report, "Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2006 Human Immunodeficiency Virus Testing Recommendations and State Testing Laws," was published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (2011;305(17):1767-1768).

Back to other news for May 2011

Adapted from:
MedPage Today
05.04.2011; Michael Smith


  
  • Email Email
  • Comments Comments
  • Printable Single-Page Print-Friendly
  • Glossary Glossary

This article was provided by CDC National Prevention Information Network. It is a part of the publication CDC HIV/Hepatitis/STD/TB Prevention News Update.
 
See Also
Quiz: Are You at Risk for HIV?
10 Common Fears About HIV Transmission
More Articles on U.S. HIV Testing Policy

No comments have been made.
 

Add Your Comment:
(Please note: Your name and comment will be public, and may even show up in
Internet search results. Be careful when providing personal information! Before
adding your comment, please read TheBody.com's Comment Policy.)

Your Name:


Your Location:

(ex: San Francisco, CA)

Your Comment:

Characters remaining:

Tools
 

Advertisement