April 4, 2011
(Correction: The April 1 Associated Press article "New AIDS Report Sets Zero New Infections Goal," summarized in CDC Prevention News Update on April 4, incorrectly stated that the UN has set a goal of zero new HIV infections and zero AIDS-related deaths by 2015. While these targets are part of its latest AIDS strategy, the UN did not establish a timeframe for meeting them.)
The UN's latest major AIDS initiative -- its third in the past decade -- sets an ambitious target of zero new HIV infections and AIDS deaths by 2015. In 2003, the UN called for expanding access to antiretroviral drugs to 3 million people with HIV in developing nations by 2005, with a follow-up goal of universal access by 2010.
However, to achieve the new zero transmissions goal, member states must make progress against the more than 7,000 new HIV infections globally each day, including 1,000 children. The UN reported data that support the aggressive new agenda.
"The number of people newly infected with HIV declined by 19 percent in the decade before December 2009, with at least 33 countries experiencing a decline in HIV incidence of at least 25 percent," according to the UN Secretary-General's 2011 Report on AIDS released Friday in New Delhi. However, the number of infections is increasing in Eastern Europe, Central Asia, North Africa and the Middle East and parts of Asia, it noted.
"The world is beginning to see a reversal of the spread of HIV, and investments are beginning to pay off," said Charles Gilks, head of the UNAIDS program in India. "Globally, infection rates are falling." About 6 million people in developing countries have access to antiretroviral therapy, and mother-to-child HIV transmissions are declining, he added.
The UN's five AIDS targets also include ending discrimination against those with HIV/AIDS; empowering women and girls toward HIV prevention; and achieving universal treatment access. To read the agenda, click here.