February 24, 2014
Table of Contents
NOTE: The sale of life insurance policies is possible in the U.S. but we don't know whether it is possible in other countries.
Many people with life-threatening illnesses decide to sell their life insurance policies to provide extra cash for various expenses. Life insurance is usually a way to provide cash to your survivors. There may be other ways to supplement your own resources and still provide for the beneficiaries of your life insurance policy.
Investors buy life insurance policies from people who are not expected to live very long. The investors buy the policy at a discounted rate. When the person who sold the policy dies, the investor receives the full amount of benefits from the insurance company.
Selling a life insurance policy is called "viatication." If you want to sell a life insurance policy, you can sell it directly to a viatical investment company, or you can deal with a broker.
Each company sets its own guidelines for deciding how much it will pay for a policy, and whether there are any other conditions that must be met. Normally, to sell a policy, you will need to meet several conditions:
Viatical companies may have other rules about the types of policies they will buy, or the insurance companies they will consider. The companies normally will review your medical records and decide how much they would be willing to pay. The whole process usually takes about 6 weeks to 3 months.
The amount you will receive for your policy depends mostly on how much longer you are expected to live. The sooner the investors will receive the life insurance benefits, the more they are willing to pay. Part of what you receive for your policy may be tax-free. Consult your tax advisor.
Before potent antiretroviral medications (ARVs) were available, viatical companies paid as much as 85% of a policy's face value. Since the introduction of effective therapies, offers have fallen a lot.
The National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC) has guidelines for viatical payments based on life expectancy, up to 80% for a life expectancy of less than 6 months. However, with the success of current antiretroviral therapies, you may find insurance companies reluctant to purchase policies covering people with AIDS.
The viatical industry is fairly new. It started because people with AIDS were becoming bankrupt due to their medical expenses. However, you may not have to sell your life insurance to get money from it. Check with your insurance agent to see if you can:
On the plus side, you might want to sell your life insurance policy because:
Selling your life insurance policy can have some disadvantages, including:
Check with the state insurance department to see if viatical companies are licensed or regulated. Be sure to get offers from several companies.
An organization that represents viatical companies is the Life Insurance Settlement Association, Orlando, FL; (407) 894-3797; www.lisassociation.org.
Two Internet web sites with independent information are:
If you have a life insurance policy, you may be able to sell it and use the money however you want to. There are many companies that buy life insurance policies. Each company will have its own procedures and will come up with its own offer for your policy. Shop around for the best offer.
Selling your life insurance might affect your income taxes or financial benefits that you currently receive. Be sure to get good advice before selling your policy.