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HIV/AIDS Resource Center for African Americans
Kai Chandler Lois Crenshaw Gary Paul Wright Fortunata Kasege Keith Green Lois Bates Greg Braxton Vanessa Austin Bernard Jackson

Keith Green: Becoming a "Different Kind of Researcher" in Communities of Color

February 3, 2011

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In your work with prevention studies, were you involved in the iPrEx study at all? What are your thoughts on the study results around pre-exposure prophylaxis [PrEP] and where prevention is headed from here on out?

One of the projects for which I'm project director explores the acceptability and feasibility of pre-exposure prophylaxis among young men who have sex with men [MSM] in Chicago. In that study, we were looking to enroll 99 young men and follow them for six months. We had enrolled 68; then the iPrEx data came out, and enrollment and recruitment into our study were halted. It was felt that it would be unethical to offer a placebo when we have a study such as the iPrEx study demonstrating such strong efficacy for the study drug. Now we're looking to be able to offer our participants who are on no pill, and our participants who are on placebo, an opportunity to roll over into the PrEP arm and be followed for six months. There are some talks about us becoming sort of a sub-study of the iPrEx study.

This has been a huge part of my life for the past couple of weeks, particularly since the iPrEx data were released. I've been very vocal about the need for data that reflect the populations most at risk here in the United States of America. In the iPrEx study there were 2,500 people, approximately. Nine percent of that, or about 250 people, were from two cities in the United States -- San Francisco and Boston. And there were only five young, black men who have sex with men who were a part of that study. Five.


I raised the concern, as we were making the decision to halt and change our study: What do we know about these iPrEx data? Initially, we didn't know much. We knew that there was an overwhelmingly young cohort. More than half of the folks were under the age of 25 years old. My study is being conducted through the Adolescent Trials Network. And part of the justification for this study was that the larger PrEP studies were not including younger people, and not including younger people of color.

Our decision was made before we knew that there were only five black and/or Latino youths in the iPrEx study. We have significantly more African Americans and Latinos currently enrolled in our study than the iPrEx study had altogether. We have some data; we're on a path to find out some things about the acceptability and feasibility of this intervention with the populations most at risk in the United States. We're making these kneejerk reactions to some data that really do not reflect our population.

Subsequently, we did something that really doesn't happen often in research: We hosted a community forum to get community feedback on how we should move forward in light of the iPrEx results. Some of our participants were in the room, as well as stakeholders and general community folks who were interested. They expressed some of their concerns and thoughts. It was resounding: Folks were very clear that resources needed to be provided for us to be able to explore this intervention in the populations most impacted.

We were very clear. We're thinking about the United States, but we're thinking about Chicago, specifically. We will be advocating for those resources to have Chicago included. That information was forwarded on to the funders of our study, and to the Adolescent Trials Network. I'm certain that we will become a sub-study, of some kind, of iPrEx. That was really to allow our participants an opportunity to roll over into that, but not necessarily to open it up to other folks; what we're pushing on is for it to be opened up to more folks in Chicago.

We should know within a couple of weeks. A proposal has been written; it's all being worked out.

More of Keith Green on

HIV & Me: An African American's Guide to Living With HIV (Updated December 2010)

HIV/AIDS Video Central: The XVII International AIDS Conference (August 2008)

This Month in HIV: Sex and Dating When You're HIV Positive (June 2007)

Profiles in Courage: Keith Green (January 2006)

Articles and interviews by Keith Green in Positively Aware (May/June 2004 - Present)

Let's return to you personally: You wrote a piece for the publication Positively Aware back in early 2009, in which you talked about going to school and being outside of the nominal "HIV world," and what that meant as far as talking about your HIV status in a professional capacity. Can you talk a little bit about how you handle disclosure in your work?

Each individual situation requires a different internal dialogue, if you will, about the need to disclose. At that particular moment, I was very unsure about where I was going, in terms of my professional academic career. I didn't know if I wanted to come back to HIV, and I was considering a lot of options.

In some environments, it is not necessarily productive to have that information on the table, because the focus should not be on me, the focus should be on whatever population it is that I am committed to serving at that time. Oftentimes, if the focus is shifted to me, then it's difficult for me to be effective in that environment.

I've learned this holds true in academics and in social work: The focus is not on my HIV status, or on my sexual orientation, necessarily. Though my HIV status and sexual orientation may allow me to be in spaces that some people may not be able to get into, they are just not the focus.

What was your experience in Madison? How was it to spend two years outside of the comfort zone of Chicago, and adjust to a new place?

I don't want the people at the University of Wisconsin–Madison to take this in the wrong way, but it was really like a vacation. It was an escape from the HIV world. Although I still was working some, my focus was totally different. I became a huge college sports fan. It really changed my life, in a very good way.

The experience of college life on that level is something I've always wanted, but I never thought I would be able to experience. When I became HIV positive and dropped out of school, etc., I figured if I ever went back to school, I'd have to work full time and I would not get to experience the campus life. But I was able to do that at Madison.

It was awesome. It was so much fun! I made friends that I probably would not have made otherwise. I went to basketball games. I went to football games. The Badgers are going to the Rose Bowl this year -- that is phenomenal. That is still my escape. College sports are an escape for me. The Madison campus is still an escape for me, because it's two and a half hours away; I can drive up, see my friends, hang out, and get away from Chicago.

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More From This Resource Center

Magic Johnson Wants You to Know: He Isn't Cured of HIV

Living With HIV? African Americans Share Their Advice

Related Stories's HIV/AIDS Resource Center for African Americans
HIV and Me: An African American's Guide to Living With HIV
More Personal Accounts on African Americans and HIV

This article was provided by TheBody.

Reader Comments:

Comment by: Stella Jane (Oregon) Fri., Dec. 26, 2014 at 10:14 pm UTC

To:Keith Green Will u be Spokesperson or find one for REARGUARD Anal Protection?
SEE the GREAT BARRIER Brief red-taped, regulation raped, and hidden in plain site on awkward old tech
It got a National Institute of HEALTH GRANT during Clinton Administration. Then BUSH administration issued the GAG RULE on day ONE of the reign of repugs and millions of women died around the world.
There's REARGUARD Anal latex or silicone protection too but no online info available.
No corporate licenses to manufacture will be issued, to avoid others making profits from women /sex!!!
No more corporate mark-up on our private lives!!!

*** NIH STATISTICS are predicated on WHO SURVIVES with CERTAIN MEDICATIONS in a CLINICAL STUDY. They do not tally doctors' reports at all. THEREFORE it's nearly impossible to tell how many women had it and died, uncounted nor how many children in California schools w/no mother. Women get all STD 20 to 200 times easier than men.

PS MEDIA and RESEARCH persons: Please contact me if you don't understand that the center 4 dis-ease OBSERVATION does not control disease. The reporting changed, so no actual women's deaths are reported UNLESS they are using some HIV medicine IN a STUDY. So the statistics look like "GAY MEN" caused this problem, fueling haters everyday, and the women continue to die..... uncounted.
If you can form /fund a collective to manufacture these, you can get the license to begin. Everyone chooses their own level of participation. Example: A real estate agent rents an old dental laboratory, and a builder remodels it for required Good Manufacturing standards. Their good deeds for the community serve as marketing for their own enterprises. Any concerned citizens purchase equipment and donate it, while some use their volunteer status to provide prevention education. Each volunteer becomes a self-directed distributor of education and prevention. Mark-up is 2% MAXIMUM.
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Comment by: Yvonne (Ca) Tue., Oct. 25, 2011 at 2:23 pm UTC
I like to tip my hat off to Keith Green for educating hinself and others. I to am HIV and I am a recently grad person as well. I wanted to teach music, but there is so much talk about taking music out of schools. I have been made to feel that what I sstudied for is no more. So I have been faced with having to change my profession. I'm am a people person and have thought about maybe becomming a conselor or business adminstration; I have degree's in music, art and business. Now that i have read Kieth story, I think about helping those who are also positive (HIV?AIDS) in coping and living with the decease. Thank you Keith for opening up, and allowing me and other to know and feel important. The decease just lives in us, we don't have to livd in the decease There is hope for tommarrow; we should thank god for his grace and mercy. The wisdom, knowledge and the understing of it all God have it to us. I am ever so thankful for god's wisdom and most of all the underatnding of it all. Without God we would perish, but with him we have everlasting LIFE.
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Comment by: cristina m (chicago IL) Thu., Mar. 31, 2011 at 11:14 pm UTC

You are truly an inspiration to communities of color in this country. Thank you so much for the work that you do, thank you. Your story has touched me and those of us who live with loved ones that are +. Thank you for living your life to help others, and thank you for bringing warmth to my heart through your story of hope and inspiration. Keep on doing what you do...I'm praying for you!
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