The Body: The Complete HIV/AIDS Resource Follow Us Follow Us on Facebook Follow Us on Twitter Download Our App 
Professionals >> Visit The Body PROThe Body en Espanol
HIV/AIDS Resource Center for Women
Michelle Lopez Alora Gale Precious Jackson Nina Martinez Gracia Violeta Ross Quiroga Loreen Willenberg  
Michelle Alora Precious Nina Gracia Loreen  
Medical News

Assessing the Impact of Mass Rape on the Incidence of HIV in Conflict-Affected Countries

January 5, 2011

The study investigators sought to quantify the potential impact of mass rape on HIV incidence in seven conflict-afflicted countries in sub-Saharan Africa with severe AIDS epidemics using an uncertainty analysis of a risk equation model.

Using a mathematical model, the potential impact of mass rape on increasing HIV incidence in women and girls in Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Somalia, southern Sudan, and Uganda was evaluated. The model was parameterized with data from UNAIDS, the World Health Organization and the US Census Bureau's International Database. Incidence data from UNAIDS/WHO were used for calibration.

Mass rape could result in approximately five HIV infections per 100,000 females per year in the DRC, Sudan, Somalia, and Sierra Leone; double the number in Burundi and Rwanda; and quadruple the number in Uganda. The number of females infected annually due to mass rape is likely to be relatively low in Somalia (127, [median (interquartile range 55-254)]) and Sierra Leone (156, [median (IQR 69-305)]). In the DCR and Uganda, figures could be high: 1,120 [median (IQR 527-2,360)] and 2,172 [median (IQR 1,031-4,668)], respectively. In Burundi, Rwanda, and Sudan the numbers are likely intermediate. Under extreme conditions, 10,000 females in the DRC and 20,000 in Uganda could be infected per year. "Mass rape could increase annual incidence by approximately 7 percent [median (IQR 3-15)]," study results showed.

"Interventions and treatment targeted to rape survivors during armed conflicts could reduce HIV incidence," the investigators concluded. "Support should be provided both on the basis of human rights and public health."

Back to other news for January 2011

Adapted from:
11.27.2010; Vol. 24; No. 18: P. 2841-2847; Virginie Supervie, Yasmin Halima, Sally Blower

More From This Resource Center

Newly Diagnosed? Words of Encouragement from HIV-Positive Women

What Every HIV-Positive Woman Should Know About GYN Care and Prevention

This article was provided by CDC National Prevention Information Network. It is a part of the publication CDC HIV/Hepatitis/STD/TB Prevention News Update.
See Also
More on Women and HIV/AIDS in Africa

No comments have been made.

Add Your Comment:
(Please note: Your name and comment will be public, and may even show up in
Internet search results. Be careful when providing personal information! Before
adding your comment, please read's Comment Policy.)

Your Name:

Your Location:

(ex: San Francisco, CA)

Your Comment:

Characters remaining:

The content on this page is free of advertiser influence and was produced by our editorial team. See our advertising policy.

See Also
Newly Diagnosed? Words of Encouragement from HIV-Positive Women
What Did You Expect While You Were Expecting?
HIV Tools You Can Use