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U.S. Fact Sheet
Women with HIV

January 1999



Transmission of HIV Infection

Economic and Social Profile of HIV-Infected Women(7)


  1. HIV/AIDS Surveillance Reports*, Year-End 1997 Edition, Vol.9, No.2; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention Atlanta GA 30333; June 1998.

  2. HIV/AIDS Surveillance Reports*, Mid-year 1998 Edition, Vol.10, No.1; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention Atlanta GA 30333; December 1998. (Available in printed form from February 1999; available on web through CDC's website,; the URL for the Surveillance Report is:

  3. National Data on HIV Prevalence Among Disadvantaged Youth in the 1990's, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, August 1998.

  4. HIV Insite.

  5. Treatment Strategies for HIV-Infected Women, ARHP Clinical Proceedings, October 1998, Association of Reproductive Health Professionals, 2401 Pennsylvania Ave NW, Suite 350, Washington, DC 20037; Tel: 202/466-3825; Fax 202/466-3826; Email:

  6. A Closer Look at Trends by Race and Gender, from the CDC Report "Trends in the HIV and AIDS Epidemic, 1998" presented at the time of the 1998 World AIDS Conference.

  7. Levine, Alexandra, HIV Disease In Women.
*Note re: surveillance report information: Since HIV infection is not uniformly reported throughout the United States (not all states report HIV infection cases, unlike the reporting of AIDS cases) estimates of HIV infection are limited and difficult, and they do not precisely reflect the epidemic. Cumulative numbers of persons living with AIDS under-represents the number of living persons who have been infected with HIV disease because most infected persons have not yet progressed to AIDS, and many persons infected with HIV have not been tested or diagnosed. CDC estimates there currently are approximately a total of 650,000 to 900,000 Americans infected with HIV.



For Further Reference or Assistance

Fact sheet compiled by Catherine Briggs, MD MPH

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