Colorado Transplant Patient Infected With AIDS Virus in 2008
October 26, 2010
On Friday, CDC said the first reported U.S. HIV transmission through blood products in eight years occurred in 2008, in a Colorado kidney transplant patient.
According to a CDC report, a laboratory tested the infected blood for HIV during the June 2008 donation and two tests came back negative. In August 2008, at an unidentified Colorado facility, the transplant patient received the man's plasma.
In November 2008, the man donated at the same center, and again reported no risk factors on the routine eligibility screening questionnaire. But his donated blood tested HIV-positive, and all products from his donation were destroyed. The man was indefinitely barred from additional donations, the report said.
An investigation found that only the Colorado patient, and another in Arkansas who died of cardiac disease just two days later, received the tainted products. The Colorado patient tested positive for HIV, and DNA sequencing found his virus to be 99 percent identical to that of the donor's. He has been placed on antiretroviral therapy.
The report noted that the donor, who initially refused to be interviewed by the Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services, eventually agreed and admitted to not disclosing sexual behavior that would have barred him from donating blood. CDC estimates the risk of HIV transmission from blood transfusion to be about 1 in 1.5 million.
The report, "HIV Transmission Through Transfusion -- Missouri and Colorado, 2008," was published in CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (2010;59(41):1335-1339).
10.23.2010; Kyle Glazier
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