HIV Drug Resistance
According to guidelines put out by the US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), resistance testing is recommended for:
Resistance testing is not usually recommended for:
There are several ways to test for resistance:
In most cases, the genotype is the preferred test. For people who have been on HIV treatment before and may have HIV that is resistant to a number of different drugs, including protease inhibitors, the phenotype test may be done in addition to the genotype. Resistance tests are helpful when choosing a drug regimen. The tests are only a guide, however. Other factors, such as past medications, side effects, and adherence should be taken into account as well.
The best way to avoid resistance is to follow your medication regimen closely. It is important not to skip doses. Also, try to take your medications at the same time every day. If you maintain good adherence, you give your HIV drugs the best chance to work and yourself the best chance to live in good health.
Although resistance may seem overwhelming, remember that you have the power to help prevent it. If you follow your medication schedule, the virus will not reproduce as quickly. And if it is not reproducing, it can not make the mistakes that lead to resistance.
This article was provided by The Well Project. Visit The Well Project's Web site to learn more about their resources and initiatives for women living with HIV. The Well Project shares its content with TheBody.com to ensure all people have access to the highest quality treatment information available. The Well Project receives no advertising revenue from TheBody.com or the advertisers on this site. No advertiser on this site has any editorial input into The Well Project's content.
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