South Africa: Survey Reveals Leading Causes of Death
November 23, 2009
The effect of South Africa's HIV/AIDS epidemic can be seen in the leading causes of mortality, which are TB, influenza, and pneumonia, a new report finds.
"It is impossible to say with certainty how much mortality is directly attributable to HIV and AIDS, although the Actuarial Society of South Africa estimates that by 2009 some 2.9 million people will have died from HIV- and AIDS-related diseases in South Africa," the report said. This year, an estimated 382,521 people will die of HIV/AIDS-related causes, and 11.7 percent of the population lives with the infection, according to the report.
The leading causes of mortality were TB and flu/pneumonia among Africans, diseases closely linked with HIV/AIDS. Mixed-race people were hit most by TB, cerebrovascular diseases and diabetes. Indians were most likely to die of diabetes or heart disease, and whites were most likely to die of heart disease.
"These causes of death are closely related to socio-economic status," noted the report.
11.17.2009; South African Press Association
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This article was provided by CDC National Prevention Information Network. It is a part of the publication CDC HIV/Hepatitis/STD/TB Prevention News Update.