Study Highlights HIV/AIDS Challenge in American Prison System
October 6, 2009
HIV/AIDS is nearly five times more prevalent in US prisons than in the general population. Though adherence to antiretroviral treatment (ART) can be strictly monitored in correctional settings, clinical monitoring becomes problematic upon prisoners' release.
Study co-author Dr. Milton Estes, medical director of the San Francisco-based Forensic AIDS Project, said ensuring continuous ART is essential to controlling the US epidemic. "To achieve this we must work on various aspects of the prisoners' lives, such as marginalization, psychiatric problems and drug use, both before and after their departure from prison," he said.
The study "demonstrates the need for effective community transition and prison release programs to optimize ART given in jails," the researchers concluded.
The report, "The Impact of Antiretroviral Therapy in a Cohort of HIV Infected Patients Going in and out of the San Francisco County Jail," was published online in the journal Public Library of Science ONE (2009;4(9):e7115.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0007115).
This article was provided by CDC National Prevention Information Network. It is a part of the publication CDC HIV/Hepatitis/STD/TB Prevention News Update.