Sex Work, Syphilis, and Seeking Treatment: An Opportunity for Intervention in HIV Prevention Programming in Karnataka, South India
May 11, 2009
The objective of the current study was to measure the determinants of syphilis among female sex workers (FSWs) in the state of Karnataka, South India.
Among the women with symptoms of an STD (n=976), 78.8 percent had sought medical treatment, behavior that was protective for both outcomes. A strong association was found between HIV and lifetime (OR 2.0; 95 percent CI: 1.6-2.6) and active syphilis (OR 2.1; 95 percent CI: 1.5-2.9).
"Despite reasonable treatment-seeking behavior, the high prevalence of syphilis has necessitated enhanced outreach efforts for FSWs and acceleration of the implementation of syphilis screening," the authors concluded. "Mobilizing resources to enhance syphilis control will not only reduce the burden of syphilis morbidity, but should impact in reducing HIV transmission."
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
03.2009; Vol. 36; No. 3: P. 157-164; Sharmistha Mishra, M.D. and others
This article was provided by U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It is a part of the publication CDC HIV/Hepatitis/STD/TB Prevention News Update. Visit the CDC's website to find out more about their activities, publications and services.