Consistency of State Statutes With the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention HIV Testing Recommendations for Health Care Settings
April 7, 2009
In an effort to improve screening for and diagnosis of HIV infection, CDC released its "Revised Recommendations for HIV Testing of Adults, Adolescents and Pregnant Women in Health-care Settings" in September 2006. These guidelines call for all patients ages 13-64 in health care settings to be offered HIV screening on an opt-out basis, without separate written consent and prevention counseling. However, state laws addressing HIV testing are widely assumed to be a barrier to the implementation of these recommendations.
"State statutory laws are evolving toward greater compliance with the CDC recommendations," the authors concluded. "Policymakers, provider groups, consumer advocates and other stakeholders should ensure that HIV screening practices comply with existing state law and work to amend inconsistent laws if they are interested in implementing the CDC recommendations," the authors concluded.
Annals of Internal Medicine
02.17.2009; Vol. 150; No. 4: P. 263-269; Anish P. Mahajan, MD, MPH; Lara Stemple, JD; Martin F. Shapiro, MD, PhD; Jan B. King, MD, MPH; William E. Cunningham, MD, MPH
This article was provided by CDC National Prevention Information Network. It is a part of the publication CDC HIV/Hepatitis/STD/TB Prevention News Update.