The Association of Syringe Type and Syringe Cleaning With HCV Infection Among IDUs in Budapest, Hungary
March 18, 2009
The researchers studied whether syringe type, syringe cleaning, and distributive syringe sharing were associated with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection (self-reported and laboratory-confirmed) among injecting drug users (IDUs) in Hungary.
"The high percent of those HCV-infected who did not know they were infected highlights the need to provide better access to confidential testing and counseling services," the authors concluded. "Counseling should emphasize secondary prevention of HCV among HCV-infected IDUs. Our findings also indicate that syringe type and syringe cleaning practices may play a role in HCV transmission. Ethnographic research should identify the reasons why IDUs may use two-piece syringes and suggest means to reduce their use. Thorough cleaning of one-piece syringes when sterile syringes are unavailable may be an efficient way to reduce the risk of HCV infection."
Drug and Alcohol Dependence
03.01.2009; Vol. 100; No. 3: P. 240-247; V. Anna Gyarmathy, Alan Neaigus, Mary M. Mitchell, Eszter Ujhelyi
This article was provided by U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It is a part of the publication CDC HIV/Hepatitis/STD/TB Prevention News Update. Visit the CDC's website to find out more about their activities, publications and services.