High Dead-Space Syringes and the Risk of HIV and HCV Infection Among Injecting Drug Users
March 9, 2009
High dead-space syringes (HDSSs) retain more than 1,000 times more blood after rinsing than do low dead-space syringes (LDSSs). The current study examines the association between using and sharing HDSSs and prevalent HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections among injecting drug users (IDUs).
"A history of sharing HDSSs was associated with prevalent HIV (odds ratio=2.50; 95 percent confidence interval=1.01-6.15). Use and sharing of HDSSs were also associated with increased odds of HCV infection," concluded the authors, who called for prospective studies to determine if sharing HDSSs is associated with increased HIV and HCV incidence among IDUs.
Drug and Alcohol Dependence
03.01.2009; Vol. 100; No. 3: P. 204-213; William A. Zule, Georgiy Bobashev
HIV-Associated Behaviors Among Injecting-Drug Users -- 23 Cities, United States, May 2005-February 2006
AP/Los Angeles Times Examines Efforts to End Unsafe Injection Practices That Could Spread HIV, Other Diseases