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Medical News

The Efficacy of Female Condom Skills Training in HIV Risk Reduction Among Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial

December 18, 2008

The authors conducted a randomized controlled trial to evaluate the efficacy of skills training designed to increase female condom use among women recruited from family planning clinics in northern California.

Study participants (n=409) were randomly assigned to the experimental four-session female condom skills training intervention or the comparison four-session women's general health promotion intervention. Participants received condom use instructions at baseline and male and female condoms during the study. Audio computer-assisted self-interviews were completed at baseline and at three and six months.

At three- and six-month follow-up, women in the experimental group were more likely than those in the comparison group to have used the female condom at least once in the previous three months. The increase in the percentage of sexual acts protected by female condoms from baseline to six-month follow-up was greater for the experimental group. The percentage of sexual acts during which any condom was used was higher in the experimental group at six months. No differences in male condom use were observed.

"Outcomes suggest that skills training can increase female condom use and protected sexual acts without reducing male condom use among women," the authors concluded.

Back to other news for December 2008

Adapted from:
Am Journal of Public Health Vol. 98; No. 10: P. 1841-1848
10.08.2008; Kyung-Hee Choi, Ph.D., M.P.H.; Colleen Hoff, Ph.D.; Steven E. Gregorich, Ph.D.; Olga Grinstead, Ph.D., M.P.H.; Cynthia Gomez, Ph.D.; Wendy Hussey, M.P.H.

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This article was provided by CDC National Prevention Information Network. It is a part of the publication CDC HIV/Hepatitis/STD/TB Prevention News Update.
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