Violence Against Women Contributes to Spread of HIV in Ghana, Study Says
December 17, 2008
Violence against women in northern Ghana increases their vulnerability to HIV/AIDS, according to a study recently released by ActionAID Ghana, Public Agenda reports. For the study -- titled "Violence and HIV/AIDS: The Interface, Voices of Women in Northern Ghana" -- researchers led by Yaa Peprah Agyemang Amekudzi examined the association between violence against women and HIV/AIDS in six districts of northern Ghana. According to the report, HIV transmission sometimes can occur as a result of sexual violence. In addition, "Fear of violence prevents women from negotiating safe sex," Amekudzi said, adding that HIV-positive women often face additional stigma and violence, sometimes leading them to pursue commercial sex work. According to Amekudzi, violence against women and HIV can negatively impact social, economic and political development because it affects women as caregivers and financial supporters of their families. According to Public Agenda, of the approximately 33 million HIV-positive people worldwide in 2007, 15.4 million were women.
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This article was provided by Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. It is a part of the publication Kaiser Daily HIV/AIDS Report. Visit the Kaiser Family Foundation's website to find out more about their activities, publications and services.