Venkatesan Chakrapani, M.D., India
I'm Dr. Venkatesan Chakrapani from India. I'm with the Indian Network for People Living With HIV.
A person who is a man who has sex with men as well as HIV positive has to face double discrimination from the society, meaning being both positive as well as being MSM, which is not accepted in the general public, as well as within the HIV-positive community. Sometimes an MSM living with HIV may not be affected by the mainstream positive people. In that way, they are facing discrimination, but from the general public, from the health care providers, as well as from the mainstream positive people.
Also, when they go for treatment in the government hospitals, they also face discrimination from the health care provider, especially if [the provider is] going to ask their sexual history and find out that they are MSM as well as positive.
So there's discrimination from the health care system that will also mean that they may not even want to go to health care providers and talk about [being] positive [and] that they are MSM, which means that both the treatment as well as prevention messages are not being properly delivered to them.