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Appendix A: Alternative Names for Herbal Therapies

Part of A Practical Guide to Herbal Therapies for People Living With HIV


(The terms used in this guide appear in bold.)

Scientific NameCommonly Used English NameOther Names and Substances Derived From These Herbs
grapefruit seedNutribiotic, Citracidal brand names
Allium sativumgarlic
Aloe veraaloeAcemannan drug derived from herb
Andrographis paniculatagreen chirettachuan-Hsin-Lien, chuan-Xin-Lian,
or i-chien-hsi Chinese names
Androvir drug derived from the herb
Arthrospira platensisspirulinaone type of algae or blue-green algae
Asparagus racemosusshatvari
Astragalus membranaceusastragalushuang-qi Chinese name
Atractylodes macrocephalabaizhu Chinese name
Azadiracta indicaneem
Berberis vulgarisbarberryberberine a primary ingredient
(discussed under goldenseal)
Buxus sempervirensboxwoodSPV30 drug derived from the herb
Cannabis sativamarijuanaCesamet, Marinol drugs derived from the herb
Chelidonium majusgreater celandineUkrain drug derived from the herb
Cocos nuciferacoconutone source of monolaurin
Commiphora mukulguggulguggulipid name of standardized product approved in India as a drug
Coptis trifoliagoldenthreadberberine a primary ingredient
(discussed under goldenseal)
Curcuma longaturmericcurcumin a primary ingredient
Echinacea purple coneflower
Eleutherococcus senticosusSiberian ginsengwujia Chinese name
(discussed under ginseng)
reishi(discussed under mushrooms)
Ginkgo bilobaginkgo
Glycyrrhiza galbralicoriceglycyrrhizin injectable drug derived from this herb
Grifola frondosamaitake (discussed under mushrooms)
Hydrastis canadensisgoldensealberberine a primary ingredient
Hypericum perforatumSt. Johns worthypericin a primary ingredient
Hypoxis rooperiAfrican potatoone source of sterinols
Isatis tinctoriawoad European name (used as a dye)
Lentinus edodesshiitakelentinan drug derived from herb
(discussed under mushrooms)
Lomatium dissectum desert parsleybiscuitroot
Mahonia aquifolium Oregon grapeberberine a primary ingredient
(discussed under goldenseal)
Melaleuca alternifolia tea tree
Melissa officinalislemon balm
Mentha piperitapeppermintColpermin drug derived from herb
Olea europaeaolive leaf
Panax ginsengginsengKorean or Chinese ginseng
Panax quinquefoliumAmerican ginseng(discussed under ginseng)
Plantago isphagulapsyllium
Sambucus nigraelder
Sanguinaria canadensisbloodroot
Silybum marianummilk thistlesilymarin a primary ingredient
Trichosanthes kirilowiitricosanthinguo lou Chinese name
GLQ233 or Compound Q both refer to an injectable drug derived from this herb
Uncaria tomentosacats clawuña de gato Spanish name
Withania somniferaashwagandhaIndian ginseng
Zingiber officinaleginger

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This article was provided by Canadian AIDS Treatment Information Exchange. Visit CATIE's Web site to find out more about their activities, publications and services.