Alcohol and HIV Sexual Risk Behaviors Among Injection Drug Users
June 6, 2008
To test the hypothesis that alcohol use and intoxication is associated with sexual behaviors that raise the risk of HIV transmission, the authors analyzed data from 6,341 injection drug users (IDUs) who entered detoxification or methadone maintenance programs in New York City between 1990 and 2004.
The researchers also noted two significant interactions. Among the IDUs who did not inject cocaine, moderate drinkers were more likely to report multiple partners. Among IDUs who self-reported as being HIV-positive, when both primary partners were intoxicated during the most recent sexual episode, they were more likely to engage in unprotected sex. "These observations indicate both global and event-specific associations of alcohol and HIV sexual risk behaviors," the authors concluded.
Drug and Alcohol Dependence
05.01.2008; Vol. 95; No. 1-2; P. 54-61; Kamyar Arasteh, Don C. Des Jarlais, Theresa E. Perlis
This article was provided by CDC National Prevention Information Network. It is a part of the publication CDC HIV/Hepatitis/STD/TB Prevention News Update.