HIV-Positive Smokers Considering Quitting: Differences by Race/Ethnicity
April 23, 2008
The authors' objective in the current study was "to better characterize smoking in HIV-positive individuals and to identify critical components of a targeted smoking cessation intervention for multi-ethnic HIV-positive smokers."
In 444 HIV-positive smokers, differences in baseline characteristics were examined by race. A multivariate linear regression model evaluated factors associated with nicotine dependence in an HIV-positive population, with a particular focus on race/ethnic differences.
The results showed that low smoking self-efficacy and higher contemplation of quitting were predictive of greater nicotine dependence. Of note was an interaction between age and race, with older Hispanic Americans less likely to be nicotine-dependent.
"Efforts should be made to tailor smoking cessation intervention content to HIV-positive racial/ethnic minority groups," the authors concluded.
Amer J of Health Behavior
1.02.2008; Vol. 32; No. 1: P. 3-15; Elizabeth E. Lloyd-Richardson, PhD; Cassandra A. Stanton, PhD; George D. Papandonatos, PhD; Renée M. Betancourt, BA; Michael Stein, MD; Karen Tashima, MD; Kathleen Morrow, PhD; Raymond Niaura, PhD
This article was provided by CDC National Prevention Information Network. It is a part of the publication CDC HIV/Hepatitis/STD/TB Prevention News Update.