HIV Rates and Risk Behaviors Are Low in the General Population of Men in Southern India but High in Alcohol Venues: Results From Two Probability Surveys
January 8, 2008
The researchers conducted two probability surveys in Chennai slums among a household sample of men and alcohol venue patrons ("wine shops") to compare HIV and other STD prevalence and to identify STD behavioral risk factors.
Investigators found the wine shop sample (n=654) had higher rates of HIV and prevalent STDs (HIV, herpes simplex virus 2, syphilis, gonorrhea or chlamydia) compared with the household sample (n=685), (3.4 percent vs. 1.2 percent, P=0.007 and 21.6 percent vs. 11.8 percent, PA multivariate model found that older age, ever being married, ever being tested for HIV, and having unprotected sex in the past three months were associated with STD prevalence in wine shop patrons.
"Prevalent HIV and STDs, and sexual risk behaviors are relatively low among the general population of men," the authors concluded. "We found that men who frequent alcohol venues practice high-risk behaviors and have high rates of STDs, including HIV, and may play an important role in expanding the Indian epidemic."
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
12.01.2007; Vol. 46; No. 4: P. 491-497; Vivian F. Go, PhD; Suniti Solomon, MD; Aylur K. Srikrishnan, BA; Sudha Sivaram, DrPH; Sethulakshmi Johnson, C MSC; Teerada Sripaipan, MPH; Kailapuri G. Murugavel, PhD; Carl Latkin, PhD; Kenneth Mayer, MD; David D. Celentano, ScD
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