Survey Looks at Global Perceptions of Health Problems, Priorities, Foreign Aid
December 14, 2007
People living in sub-Saharan Africa believe HIV/AIDS and other infectious diseases are "very big" issues that governments should address, according to a survey released Thursday by the Kaiser Family Foundation and the Pew Global Attitudes Project, the AP/Google.com reports. The survey involved telephone and in-person interviews among 45,239 people in 47 countries in sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, Central and Eastern Europe, Latin America, the Middle East, Western Europe and North America. It aimed to determine how people perceive and prioritize health care in their countries and assess efforts of donor countries (Mann, AP/Google.com, 12/13).
Overall, the survey found that "global health is a local phenomenon." Despite the variation, "concern about health as a personal and family issue is high in most countries and across all regions," the survey said. It added, "Despite all the differences in views and experiences across countries, this survey underscores how powerfully health is experienced in people's lives and how many see a role for their governments and others to do more."
In 23 of the countries surveyed, at least 40% of people said they had not received health care because they could not afford it, according to the survey. Although this is a decline compared with findings from a similar 2002 survey, the "gaps between rich and poor nations in reports of hunger and lack of health care remain enormous," the survey said (AP/Google.com, 12/13).
Majorities in almost every country surveyed said that wealthier countries are not doing enough to aid lower-income countries in efforts to fight diseases, reduce poverty or fuel economic development. In countries that receive large amounts of development aid, people were more likely to say that wealthy nations are "doing enough" to help lower-income countries. People living in sub-Saharan African and Indonesia -- which have received aid to address HIV/AIDS and relief efforts from the 2004 tsunami, respectively -- were most likely to think wealthy nations are providing enough aid. The survey also found substantial support among wealthier nations to provide more aid to lower-income countries (Kaiser Family Foundation release, 12/13).
All of the samples represented in the survey were national except for Bolivia, Brazil, China, India, the Ivory Cost, Pakistan, South Africa and Venezuela, where the survey was conducted mostly or completely in urban areas. The number of respondents in the surveyed countries ranged from 500 to more than 3,000, the AP/Google.com reports. Survey results for each country have a margin of sampling error ranging from plus or minus two percentage points to plus or minus four percentage points (AP/Google.com, 12/13).
The survey is available online.br>
The report was discussed at an event sponsored by the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington, D.C., as part of its Smart Power Speaker Series. A webcast of the event is available online at kaisernetwork.org.
This article was provided by Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. It is a part of the publication Kaiser Daily HIV/AIDS Report. Visit the Kaiser Family Foundation's website to find out more about their activities, publications and services.